School Refusal Behavior in Students with Intellectual Disabilities and Comorbid Disorders in Japan: A Brief Review

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Author(s)

Abstract

<p>The global incidence of school refusal behavior among school-age individuals has increased dramatically. However, until now, relatively little attention has been paid to school-refusing individuals who have comorbid diagnoses of intellectual disability [ID]. To improve the understanding of school refusal behavior within individuals with ID and comorbid disorders, this paper presents a brief review of the literature on school refusal behavior and the status of our current understanding of this behavior among school-age students with ID and comorbid disorders. Ten studies are included in this review and are summarized in terms of (a) the participants' characteristics (number, age, diagnosis, IQ), (b) therapeutic interventions (treatment, duration and frequency, implementer, setting), (c) target behaviors, and (d) outcomes. All 10 studies reported improvements in school refusal behaviors and other related symptoms in school-age individuals with ID and comorbid disorders. Further studies should be conducted to investigate whether a certain type of intervention approach can be established as an empirically supported treatment for school refusal behaviors in individuals with ID and comorbid disorders.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Special Education Research

    Journal of Special Education Research 8(1), 31-40, 2019

    THE JAPANESE ASSOCIATION OF SPECIAL EDUCATION

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007803910
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12615212
  • Text Lang
    ENG
  • ISSN
    2187-5014
  • NDL Article ID
    029929961
  • NDL Call No.
    Z76-A806
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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