実技種目の異なる大学体育授業が社会人基礎力の育成に及ぼす影響  [in Japanese] Effect of different types of physical education classes on cultivating fundamental competencies for working persons in college students  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

本研究では,大学体育授業が社会人基礎力の育成にどのような効果をもたらすかについて,実技種目の特性に応じた授業設計や運営と関連付けて検討することを目的とした.研究の対象とした実技種目は,ビーチバレーボール(BV),卓球(TT)ならびにトレーニング(TR)であり,各種目の受講者人数はそれぞれ65名,85名,85名であった.いずれの実技種目においてもその特性を踏まえながら,学生が主体的に教え合い,学び合う対人相互作用を意図した課題解決型の授業を展開した.そのため,各種目とも受講者を3~6人で構成したグループ(BV:6人,TT:3人,TR:3人)に配属させ,グループ主体で授業課題に取り組むように指示した.また受講者には,第2週目(PRE-test)と第12週目(POST-test)の授業にて,社会人基礎力について所定の質問紙を用いて自己分析するよう指示した.その結果,ネット型スポーツゲームであるビーチバレーボールや卓球が,身体活動や運動を取り入れた演習形式のトレーニングと比較して,主体性,働きかける力,課題発見力,傾聴力,ならびに状況把握力において学生の達成度が有意に向上した.これらのことは大学体育授業が学生の社会人基礎力を向上させる可能性があると同時に,扱う実技の授業設計や運営が学生の達成度に影響を及ぼすことを示唆するものであった.また,大学体育で扱う教材や授業環境に応じて適切な教育プログラムや教授法を検討しなければ,アクティブラーニング型の授業形態であってもその効果は小さくなるため,教育プログラム実行上の条件を適切に設定することが重要であると考えられた.

The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of three types of physical education classes on the fundamental competencies for working persons in college students. Physical education classes were classified into beach volleyball (BV), table tennis (TT) and training (TR) classes. BV, TT and TR classes were attended by 65, 85, and 85 college students, respectively. In the BV, TT and TR classes, the students were grouped into teams of 6, 3 and 3 members, respectively. Every class included education programs based on project-based learning (PBL) to cultivate the fundamental competencies for working persons. We asked college students to evaluate their own fundamental competencies for working persons by using questionnaires administered at the 2nd (Pre-test) and 12th (Post-test) classes. As a result, initiative, ability to influence, ability to detect issues, ability to listen closely and carefully, and ability to grasp situations improved significantly between the Pre-and Post-test in the BV and TT classes compared with the TR class. We speculated that one reason was due to an appetite for learning and a sense of coherence induced by the framework and organic linkage between PBLs based on sports activities like beach volleyball and table tennis. This study suggests that educational programs and methodology should be arranged to facilitate interpersonal interactions according to the situations and properties of physical education classes.

Journal

  • Japan Journal for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Universities

    Japan Journal for Health, Physical Education, Recreation, and Dance in Universities 13.1(0), 16-25, 2016

    Japanese Association of University Physical Education and Sports

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007804907
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11915538
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1349-1296
  • NDL Article ID
    027859803
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-L847
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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