日本語を母語とする場面緘黙児における言語・コミュニケーション能力の特徴  [in Japanese] Language and Communication Competence in Japanese-Speaking Children With Selective Mutism  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究は、日本語を母語とする場面緘黙(SM)児に何らかの言語・コミュニケーション能力の問題がみられるかを明らかにすることを目的とした。自閉スペクトラム症および知的障害の診断のない幼児から中学生のSM児32名を対象に、日本版子どものコミュニケーション・チェックリスト(CCC-2)、音声の聴取、場面緘黙質問票(SMQ-R)を行った。その結果、一般コミュニケーション能力群(GCC)値は32名中4名が44(3パーセンタイル)以下であった。領域ごとでは、2領域以上で5パーセンタイル以下の値があった者は13名であった。音声の聴取ができた21名中2名に構音障害疑い、2名に吃音疑いが認められた。これらを併せると言語・コミュニケーション能力に何らかの問題が認められた者は32名中16名であった。したがって、日本語を母語とするSM児においても海外の先行研究と同様に、言語やコミュニケーションに関連する能力に問題がある者が半数程度存在する可能性が考えられた。</p>

<p>The present study examined whether Japanese-speaking children with selective mutism have problems with language and communication competence. The caregivers of 32 Japanese-speaking children with selective mutism who had not been diagnosed as having autism spectrum disorders (ASD) or intellectual disabilities (MR), and who were from preschool to junior high school age, completed the Japanese version of the CCC-2 (Children's Communication Checklist-Second Edition) and the SMQ-R (Selective Mutism Questionnaire-Revised). The results were as follows: (a) 16 of the children were reported to have problems with language and communication competence, scores of 4 of them were lower than the 3rd percentile on the GCC (General Communication Composite), scores of 13 were lower than the 5th percentile on more than 2 subscales, 2 children had articulation disorders, and 2 stuttered. (b) Scores of 10 of the children were lower than the 5th percentile on subscale H (nonverbal communication), and of 13 of the children, on subscale I (social relations). (c) As a consequence of the children being classifıed on the basis of their scores on the GCC and SIDC (Social Interaction Deviance Composite), 1 child appeared to have a specifıc language impairment (SLI), 7 appeared to have pragmatic language impairments (PLI), and 4 of the children appeared to have autism spectrum disorders (ASD). (d) No signifıcant correlation was found between the children's scores on the General Communication Composite and the Selective Mutism Questionnaire-Revised. These results suggest that about half of Japanese-speaking children with selective mutism may have problems with language and communication competence, particularly during pragmatic or social interactions.</p>

Journal

  • The Japanese Journal of Special Education

    The Japanese Journal of Special Education 56(4), 209-218, 2018

    The Japanese Association of Special Education

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007807087
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00172513
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3374
  • NDL Article ID
    029696010
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-314
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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