農業政策の裁量的政策形成と法的妥当性:農政論としての法律と裁量の視座  [in Japanese] Discretionary Policy Making and Legal Validity in Agricultural Policy:Policy Analysis from Legal and Discretionary Viewpoints  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本稿では,公法学の理論を用いて,法律と裁量を分析視座に,農業政策の裁量的な政策形成の仕組みや,基本法からみた裁量的な農業政策の法的妥当性について,旧基本法以来の主要施策をトレースしながら検討する.旧基本法下の農業政策では,米生産調整や農業構造改善事業を中心に,根拠法をもたない予算措置と,法的作用をもつ通達とが組み合わされる形で,基本法の枠組を逸脱した行政裁量を可能とする仕組みが形成された.これが,今日まで続く裁量的な政策形成の基本形であり,実際,旧基本法と政策との間に齟齬をきたすこととなった.新基本法以降においては,例えば,①担い手対策において基本法の規定と衝突するケース,②米生産調整(飼料用米拡大)において基本法の想定と逆行するケース,③農業農村整備事業において基本法の守備範囲をこえるケースがみられた.今後,行政裁量に対する統制のあり方が問われて然るべきである.</p>

<p>Using theory of public law from the legal and discretionary viewpoints, this study examines the mechanisms of discretionary policy making and legal validity of agricultural policy under the former/current agricultural basic law. The agricultural policy under the former agricultural basic law, especially in the areas of rice production control and agricultural structure improvement projects, enabled administrative authority to deviate from the concept of the basic law through (a) budgetary measures that did not have legal basis and/or (b) notifications that had legal effect. Until recently, this has been the basic form of discretionary policy making, that actually led to inconsistency between agricultural policies and the concept of the former basic law. Even after the implementation of the new agricultural basic law, there still exist issues such that (1) active farmer measures conflicted with the provision of the basic law, (2) rice production control (for an increase in feed rice) has been carried out against the concept of the basic law, (3) public investment for agricultural infrastructure and rural areas exceeded the range of the basic law. It is now essential to reconsider the control system for administrative discretion in policy making.</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Rural Economics

    Journal of Rural Economics 90(2), 126-143, 2018

    The Agricultural Economics Society of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007815756
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00200867
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    0387-3234
  • NDL Article ID
    029283046
  • NDL Call No.
    Z18-385
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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