住民福祉活動拠点確保における空き家活用に関する研究 -空き家情報が集積する場としての成年後見人の可能性-  [in Japanese] STUDY ON THE UTILIZATION OF VACANT HOUSES IN SECURING THE BASE OF SOCIAL SUPPORT ACTIVITIES OF COMMUNITY RESIDENTS:-The potential of adult guardians as a field for inflow of vacant house information-  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p> This research examines the possibility of securing the base of social support activities of community residents by utilizing vacant houses. Social support for community residents relies on volunteer participation. Although it is different from the support provided by specialized organizations, etc. and has more flexibility, the financial base is often weak. To secure the base for social support activities, free or low-priced rent is indispensable. Public facilities, welfare facilities, schools, vacant houses in the area, etc. are among possible local resources, but there are many restrictions on public facilities. Using vacant houses is considered a highly realistic method that can be widely adopted.</p><p> The increase of vacant houses in the community has become a problem, and there is a growing interest in using them. These are often inherited properties, which remain neither rented nor occupied by owners. One says that these properties are left untouched because of the attachment to the family home, or the burden of dismantling costs. Therefore, rather than expecting rent income, many owners prefer leaving their property unused. It would be easier for financially weak community social support activities to secure a base if some of these vacant houses are available free of charge or at a low price.</p><p> However, the conditions are not yet ready for obtaining information on rentable vacant houses. Until now, real estate agencies and activists' networks provided information, but these sources are not enough. Therefore, to find new locations of vacant houses with clearly identified owners, we conducted a survey on adult guardians in Kanagawa prefecture to examine the potential of adult guardians as "a field for inflow of vacant house information".</p><p> As a result, adult guardians are indeed "a field for inflow of information" and many owners are interested in community activities. The possibility of securing free or low-priced rent is high. With guardians' understanding, owners can be aware of the needs for vacant houses utilization. Also, in order to gain the understanding of the owners on a free or a low-priced rent, there are at least three conditions. (1) Clearing up of the leftover baggage, basic repair, maintenance of the building by weeding and ventilation, etc., shall not burden the ward with out-of-pocket expenses. (2) For cases when there is a need to vacate the property, the contract must make provision for immediate handover to avoid concerns about trouble over withdrawal.(3) In order to deal with concerns over the tenant's identity, the contractor should be the Municipal Social Welfare Council, etc. The owner's reassurance is a necessary collateral. Of these, one can say that (2) and (3) are common in that general lenders tend to feel anxious about rental, but (1) is not put on the market base. In the case of lending free of charge or at a low price, the intention to avoid the owner's burden is quite natural. We can say that these are the conditions required to community welfare activists, in order for guardians and family courts to be able to tell if "it is in the benefit of the ward".</p>

Journal

  • Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ)

    Journal of Architecture and Planning (Transactions of AIJ) (769), 537-546, 2020-03

    Architectural Institute of Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007821871
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10438548
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • ISSN
    1340-4210
  • NDL Article ID
    030288053
  • NDL Call No.
    Z16-107
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE  AIJ 
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