大学新入生におけるライフスキル獲得水準の性別および専攻別の特徴  [in Japanese] Gender and major characteristics of the life skills acquisition level of the first-year students in a university in Japan  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p><b>目的</b>:本研究の第一の目的は,大学新入生におけるライフスキル獲得水準の性別および専攻別の特徴を明らかにすることであった。第二の目的は,その結果を踏まえてより良い体育授業の設計を展望することであった。</p><p><b>方法</b>:筑波大学の2015年秋学期開講必修科目「基礎体育」を履修した1,325名(男子745,女子580)を対象に,日常生活スキル尺度(島本・石井,2006)によるライフスキル調査を行った。この尺度は,対人スキル(親和性,リーダーシップ,感受性,対人マナー)と個人的スキル(計画性,自尊心,情報要約力,前向きな思考)の下位概念(下位因子)から構成される。ライフスキルの下位概念(下位因子)の各得点を,性×専攻の2要因分散分析によって解析した。</p><p><b>結果</b>:対人スキルは男子よりも女子が有意に高く,それは親和性と感受性の高さによるものであった。専攻別の特徴として,対人スキルと個人的スキルともに,社会・国際学を専攻する学生が最も高く,情報学を専攻する学生が最も低かった。これは,親和性とリーダーシップ,計画性の差異によるものであった。</p><p><b>結論</b>:大学新入生のライフスキルは,性別と専攻別でそれぞれ特徴のあることが明らかになった。これらを踏まえて,大学新入生へのより良い体育授業の設計を展望した。</p>

<p><b>Objective</b>: The main purpose of this study was to clarify the characteristics of gender and major in the life skill acquisition level of first-year students at university in Japan. Based on the results, the second purpose was to suggest the design of a better physical education course.</p><p><b>Methods</b>: We conducted a cross-sectional survey using the Daily Life Skills Scale for College Students (Shimamoto & Ishii, 2006) and targeting 1,325 students (male: 745; female: 580) enrolled in the Basic Physical Education course, a compulsory course taken in the first year of study, categorized within the common subject of Physical Education, which was established in the fall of 2015 at University of Tsukuba, located in the Tokyo metropolitan area. We conducted a non-corresponding two-factor ANOVA analysis to determine characteristics related to gender and major.</p><p><b>Results</b>: Among the skills used mainly in personal situations of intimacy, leadership, empathy, and interpersonal manner, female students scored significantly higher than male students. The score for the social and international studies group was, on the whole, higher than for other majors, and the value for the information studies group was lower. There was no significant difference between male and female students in the skills used mainly in personal situations of planning, knowledge summarization, self-esteem, and positive thinking, but the scores in this area for the information studies group were the lowest and were the highest for the social and international studies group; both differences were statistically significant.</p><p><b>Conclusion</b>: Differences in life skills acquisition level by gender and major scores were found. Based on the results, we suggested a better physical education course design for first-year university students.</p>

Journal

  • Research in Exercise Epidemiology

    Research in Exercise Epidemiology 22(1), 13-21, 2020

    Japanese Association of Exercise Epidemiology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007830225
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11865338
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1347-5827
  • NDL Article ID
    030377666
  • NDL Call No.
    Z74-C960
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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