幼児の身体活動に関する客観的評価と保護者および保育者による 主観的評価との関係 [in Japanese] Relationship between objective evaluation of children＇s physical activity level and subjective evaluation by their parents and nursery school teachers [in Japanese]
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The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between the objective evaluationof preschool children＇s physical activity (PA) levels and subjective evaluation by their parents andnursery school teachers. The participants in the objective evaluation were 214 preschool children.The measures of objective PA, including step counts and time spent in light physical activity (LPA)and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), were measured using a triaxial accelerometerfor 7 consecutive days. The participants in the subjective evaluation were 214 parents and 16nursery school teachers of the preschool children. Subjective PA was assessed by a questionnairecompleted by the parents and teachers that comprised 4 categories (＂very active,＂ ＂active,＂ ＂hardly active,＂ and ＂inactive＂). We examined the differences in children＇s step counts, LPA, and MVPA according to their subjective evaluations on weekdays and weekends. On weekdays, the children who were perceived as ＂very active＂ and ＂active＂ by parentsand teachers spent significantly more time in MVPA compared to those who were perceived as＂inactive.＂ Thus, we observed a correlation between the subjective evaluations by parents andteachers and the objective PA levels that were measured using the triaxial accelerometer. Thesefindings suggest that parents and teachers could effectively detect the children＇s objective PA level, mainly on weekdays. The teachers＇ evaluations were more strongly correlated with the objective evaluations, indicating that they could evaluate the children＇s PA level relatively well. In addition, the parents and teachers evaluated the children＇s PA by primarily focusing on their high intensity activities.
- Japan Journal of Lifelong Sport
Japan Journal of Lifelong Sport 16(1), 1-10, 2019
Japanese Society of Lifelong Sports