国内外の大学教員が語る日本語アカデミック・ライティング教育への期待と課題:自身の学習・研究・教育の経験から  [in Japanese] Expectation and Challenges for Academic Writing Recognized by Six University Professors based on their Experiences in Learning, Studying, and Teaching  [in Japanese]

Access this Article

Search this Article

Author(s)

    • 因 京子 CHINAMI Kyoko
    • 日本赤十字九州国際看護大学看護学部 Faculty of Nursing, Japanese Red Cross Kyushu International College of Nursing

Abstract

大学でのアカデミック・ライティング教育を、学位取得への支援だけでなく、その後社会で専門家として活躍する可能性を拓くものとして展開するための要件を認識すべく、国内外の大学教員6名に面談し、職業の場での日本語の必要度、学習方法、日本語教育への要望などについて見解を調査した。6名の調査協力者は、専門分野や国籍を問わず多読を実践し、他者からのフィードバックを頻繁に受けて論文作成方法を獲得した経験を持つ。英語使用の傾向が強まる昨今においても、日本語使用が死活的に重要な局面があると考えている。周辺的文章から情報を得ることの重要性も指摘された。日本語教育学専攻の協力者は、日本での学位論文作成過程で得た知見を基に、自身は受ける機会のなかった学部生対象のライティング授業を自国において展開していた。以上から、AW教育では、社会での活躍の手段となる日本語能力の獲得に必要な学習内容と方法、特にその学習量についての適切な予測を与え、課題に取り組む態度と学習技能を獲得させる必要があることが示唆された。今後、学習者に適切な予測形成、主体的学習を促すリソースと提供方法を開発していくことが課題であると考えられる。

In order to obtain a perspective about Japanese academic writing (AW) education that supports learners not only for their achievements as students but also for their success in wider society, this article reports the results of the interviews with six professors who teach at universities both inside and outside Japan. The results were as follows: Firstly, they all emphasized the importance of doing extensive reading and receiving feedback from others followed by repeated revision. That was the way they acquired AW skills themselves. Secondly, access to periphrastic information was considered to be very important. Thirdly, all the interviewees believe that Japanese can assume a crucial importance even in today's world where dominance of English is increasingly evident. As further evidence of potential of AW experience, a non-native professor in Japanese, who had had no formal instruction in AW as a student, has designed and offered an innovative course in AW in her home country to help undergraduates to internalize schema of research papers. These results indicate that AW education should try to help the student to form a realistic expectation about the academic workload required, and promote them to become firmly determined to acquire refined learning skills. Developing resources and methods to lead the learner into awareness should be the remaining task for teachers.

Journal

  • JOURNAL OF TECHNICAL JAPANESE EDUCATION

    JOURNAL OF TECHNICAL JAPANESE EDUCATION 17(0), 35-40, 2015

    The Society for Technical Japanese Education

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007897925
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA11888424
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1345-1995
  • NDL Article ID
    027142938
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-D330
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
Page Top