米国の重度障害のある生徒のためのピア・サポートの配置の実態  [in Japanese] The Present Situation of Peer Support Arrangements for Students with Severe Disabilities in the United States  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>ピア・サポートの配置は、重度障害のある生徒に社会的支援と学問的支援を提供し、彼らの通常の学級へのインクルージョンを支えている。本研究は、支援を受ける生徒と支援に当たる生徒の条件、及び生徒同士のマッチングや参加する授業に着目し、ピア・サポートの実態を明らかにすることを目的とした。ピア・サポートの配置に関する研究は、効果に焦点を当てた論文が中心であるが、時間を追うごとに、よりプログラムの内容を吟味する傾向が見られた。支援を受ける重度障害のある生徒は、自閉症や知的障害があり、州の代替評価が採用されるが、大人の支援があれば通常の学級への参加が可能である。一方でピアとなる生徒は、重度障害のある生徒と同じ授業に参加し、ピア・サポートに関心があり、模範となるような生徒であった。生徒同士のマッチングには、同学年又は同年齢のペア、そして重度障害のある生徒(男) と重度障害のない生徒(女) のペアが多く見られた。</p>

<p>Peer support arrangements provide social and academic support for students with severe disabilities and include them in general education classrooms. This study sought to examine current peer support arrangements through a focus on the requirements for students who receive and provide that support. We also investigated how educators matched those students both with each other and with the classes in which they could participate together. The initial scope of this study centered on the effects of peer support arrangements, but has gradually shifted to examine the program contents. The students with severe disabilities who were eligible to receive support would have autism and/or intellectual disability, be eligible for the state's alternative assessment, and be able to participate in a general education setting with the direct support of adults. In contrast, students who provided support would be enrolled in the same class as the student with severe disabilities and have an interest in peer to peer relationships and serving as a positive role model. When the students who received and provided the support were matched, they tended to be pairs of the same grade or the same age, and male students with severe disabilities were often paired with female students without disabilities.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences

    Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences 44(1), 123-136, 2020

    Association of Disability Sciences, Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007919603
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-5812
  • NDL Article ID
    030588049
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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