自閉スペクトラム症傾向のある学生に対する就業体験における振り返り面談の実態調査:—就労支援者へのインタビュ-調査を通して—  [in Japanese] Survey of Retrospective Interviews in Employment Experiences of Students with a Tendency of Autism Spectrum Disorder:From Interview Survey with Supporters for Employment  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本研究の目的は、自閉スペクトラム症 (ASD) 学生の就労支援の文脈で実施される就業体験を通した支援に関して、体験後の振り返りの面談の実態を明らかにすることである。ASD学生の就労支援に携わる支援者 (11名) に半構造化面接を行い、修正版グラウンデッド・セオリー・アプローチ (M-GTA) を用いて分析した。その結果、 【支援者が感じる面談時のASD学生の特徴】【面談時の対応】【面談の対応方針 (事前)】【支援者が抱える支援上の困りごと】 の4つのカテゴリーが生成され、ASD学生の障害特性を含む特徴を考慮した面談中の具体的な対応や、具体的対応ではないが支援者が心がける留意点が整理された。特に、支援者は学生が自己を客観的な視点で振り返り、就業体験を肯定的に捉えられるような配慮を重視していた。同時に支援者が対応に苦慮する場合も示され、今後は本研究で得られた知見を生かし、就業体験をより効果的に提供するための振り返りの内容や方法の検討が必要だ。</p>

<p>The purpose of this study was to clarify the actual situation of the feedback after the work experience in the context of employment support for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Supporters of ASD students at universities or support facilities who are involved in employment support (N = 11) were subjected to semi-constructed interviews and analyzed using the Modified Grounded Theory Approach (M-GTA). As a result, 4 categories were generated: "Characteristics of the ASD student at the time of the interview felt by the supporters" "Response at the time of interview" "Correspondence policies (advance)" and "Difficulties in supporting". In addition, specific responses that considered the characteristics of students with ASD, including their disability characteristics, and points to be noted by supporters, although not specific responses, were arranged. Supporters emphasized the importance of response to enable students to reflect on themselves from an objective point of view and to view their employment experiences positively. In this study, there are cases in which supporters are struggling to respond, and it is necessary to examine the contents and methods of retrospectives in order to provide employment experiences more effectively by utilizing the knowledge obtained in this study.</p>

Journal

  • Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences

    Japanese Journal of Disability Sciences 44(1), 19-32, 2020

    Association of Disability Sciences, Japan

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007919614
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12215065
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    departmental bulletin paper
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    1881-5812
  • NDL Article ID
    030588012
  • NDL Call No.
    Z7-1307
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR  J-STAGE 
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