ごみ有料化後にリバウンドは起こるのか?  [in Japanese] Does a Rebound Effect Exist in Unit-Based Pricing?: An Assessment of Long-Run Reduction and Reallocation Effect  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>家庭ごみ有料化は,導入後に減量効果が失われるというリバウンドが問題だと指摘されているが,実際には明らかでない.本稿は家庭ごみ有料化の減量効果,および資源ごみの代替促進効果の長期での持続性を明らかにするために,計量経済学のパネルデータ分析を用いて検証した.その際にデータ選択の恣意性を可能な限り排除し,推定結果の頑健性を保証するために複数のモデルによって確認した.その結果,ごみ排出量のリバウンドはわずかながら存在するものの,長期の減量効果はほとんど失われないことが明らかになった.また,資源ごみの長期の分別促進効果は,有料化導入後の経過年数が経つにしたがって逆に強まることがわかった.</p>

<p>The Japanese Ministry of the Environment has been encouraging unit-based pricing, and city municipalities have introduced this policy in the hope of achieving an emission reduction effect, a reallocation effect from recycling, and financial benefits. However, several years after the introduction of unit-based pricing, some municipalities have reported an increase in waste emissions as compared to the emissions in the first year that the policy was introduced. We determine whether or not the rebound effect is statistically significant by using data on Japanese cities' waste emissions under unit-based pricing obtained by panel data analysis. The results of estimation reveal that although long-run reduction eventually erodes the price elasticity of non-recyclable waste, the level of erosion is very trivial. The results of estimation for recyclable waste provide significant evidence of the long-term learning effect of sorting waste.</p>

Journal

  • Review of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

    Review of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies 4(1), 12-22, 2011

    The Society for Environmental Economics and Policy Studies

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130007993767
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AA12295687
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • ISSN
    1882-3742
  • NDL Article ID
    11073940
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZE8
  • NDL Call No.
    Z71-V402
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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