シングルマザーの正規雇用就労と経済水準への影響  [in Japanese] Economic Consequences of Single Mothers' Regular Employment in Japan  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

<p>本稿の目的は,「就業構造基本調査」匿名データ(2007年)を用いて,シングルマザーの正規雇用就労と世帯の経済水準の関連について検討することである.傾向スコア・マッチング法を用いた統計分析より,得られた主要な知見は次の3点である.第1に,正規雇用への就労はシングルマザーの時間あたり賃金を32.0%上昇させ,相対的貧困率と就労貧困率をそれぞれ36.5%, 39.5%低減させる効果を持つ.第2に,正規雇用就労の効果には階層差が存在し,賃金と就労貧困率については低学歴層ほどその就労効果が小さい.第3に,正規雇用就労を達成したとしても,非大卒のシングルマザーはその半数以上が自身の就労所得のみでは貧困状態を脱していない.以上の結果は,シングルマザーを対象とした就労支援施策に加えて,女性が結婚や出産を通じて直面する労働市場上の不利を解消することが母子世帯の経済的地位を高めるうえで重要であることを示唆する.</p>

<p>This article aims to examine the economic consequences of women's regular employment in single-mother families, using the nationally representative datasets from the Employment Status Survey of 2007. The propensity score matching (PSM) method, which controls for the observed heterogeneity between those who work as regular employees and those who do not, provides the following main results. First, the single mother's (re) entry into regular employment increases the average hourly wage by 32.0% and decreases the risk of income poverty by 36.5 to 39.5%. Second, we also find that the causal effects of regular employment on the hourly wage and earning poverty are limited among low-educated single mothers. Third, even if these single mothers succeed in engaging in regular employment, more than half of them cannot escape economic poverty by their own earnings alone. These results suggest that not only work-fare policies that help single mothers work as regular employees, but also those reducing disadvantages women commonly face in the Japanese labor market at the time of marriage and childbearing will be necessary to improve the economic situation of single-mother families.</p>

Journal

  • Kazoku syakaigaku kenkyu

    Kazoku syakaigaku kenkyu 32(1), 20-32, 2020

    Japan Society of Family Sociology

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    130008037011
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN10092691
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    0916-328X
  • NDL Article ID
    030488862
  • NDL Call No.
    Z6-3173
  • Data Source
    NDL  J-STAGE 
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