Theoretical analysis of linear and nonlinear piezoelectric vibrational energy harvesters for human walking

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The role of nonlinear stiffness in the performance of the piezoelectric vibrational energy harvester (pVEH) was discussed. Harmonic balance and numerical methods are applied to characterize the electromechanical response of pVEHs based on Duffing oscillator at a deterministic harmonic excitation of fundamental vibration characteristics (2 Hz, 1 m·s<sup>−2</sup>), which corresponds to human walking. Then, the response to a vibration with two harmonic waves, which has a fixed fundamental frequency (2 Hz, 1 m·s<sup>−2</sup>) and a frequency varied from 1.5 to 2.5 Hz. The numerical results obtained in this study indicate that nonlinearity does not have a significant advantage on the energy harvesting from human walking.


  • Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

    Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 54(10S), 10ND02, 2015-09-01

    Institute of Physics


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