Relationship between bandgap grading and carrier recombination for Cu(In,Ga)Se
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To understand the effect of bandgap grading on carrier recombination for Cu(In,Ga)Se<inf>2</inf>(CIGS)-based solar cells in detail, samples with different bandgaps at the CIGS surface were fabricated by changing the Ga/(Ga + In) (GGI) ratio from 0.4 to 0 at the third stage of the conventional three-stage growth process. Optoelectronic characterizations, such as photoluminescence, temperature-dependent open-circuit voltage measurement and light-intensity-dependent current–voltage measurement, indicate that the photo-generated carriers move rapidly towards the location of the bandgap minimum, and the carrier recombination occurs mainly at this location. From simulation using a one-dimensional solar cell capacitance simulator (SCAPS-1D), a single-grade sample with the smallest bandgap on the surface of CIGS showed high recombination current at the surface, while the location of the maximum recombination current moved from the surface to the bulk for double-grade samples. This study suggests that controlling the bandgap grading is one way of suppressing recombination at the interface in CIGS-based solar cells.
- Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.
Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 57(8S3), 08RC08, 2018-07-04
Institute of Physics