両漢時代の商業と市  [in Japanese] Commerce and Markets in The Former and The Later Han Periods  [in Japanese]

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Abstract

In the first half of the Former Han, commerce was vital owing to activities of rich traders and big merchants (Fushang dagu 富商大賈) who acted as businessmen with political ties and as speculators. But in this period, there also existed a type of trade which was done outside markets and thus was not under control of the State. Moreover each of classes of the society, from powerful families to peasants, would seldom go to markets then. However, after the second half of the Former Han, some proportions of the commerce which had something to do with central or local governments were replaced by exclusive dealing (Gu-que 辜榷), carried out mainly by high officials of the State and eunuchs, and as a result of this phenomenon, vitality of rich traders and big merchants decreased. Nevertheless, commerce was still flourished at that time, for markets became well furnished with merchandise. In town markets, not only luxuries but also commodities circulated broadly and were traded by people of various classes. while the markets themselves became places of amusement. Meanwhile, there spreaded out fairs in rural communities, where commodities were traded. Such a trend led some proportions of commerce outside control of the State into under control.

Journal

  • The Journal of Oriental researches

    The Journal of Oriental researches 52(4), p655-682, 1994-03

    東洋史研究會

Codes

  • NII Article ID (NAID)
    40002660250
  • NII NACSIS-CAT ID (NCID)
    AN00170019
  • Text Lang
    JPN
  • Article Type
    journal article
  • Journal Type
    大学紀要
  • ISSN
    03869059
  • NDL Article ID
    3538926
  • NDL Source Classification
    C44(経済史--アジア・アフリカ)
  • NDL Source Classification
    ZG71(歴史・地理--アジア・アフリカ)
  • NDL Call No.
    Z8-409
  • Data Source
    NDL  IR 
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