20世紀アメリカ小説と映画 [in Japanese] The film and twentieth-century American fiction [in Japanese]
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The film industry is generally portrayed negatively in American fiction during the first half of the 20th century. What is more significant, though, is the fact that the birth of the film made writers such as Dos Passos and Hemingway more conscious of the problem of the viewpoint: the eye of the camera, often presumed to be impersonal, cannot but be from someone's viewpoint and is thus always non-impersonal. This point is developed further by Delmore Schwartz's 1937 short story "In Dreams Begin Responsibilities," in which subjectivities of the film, the dream and unconscious overlap one another. In the latter half of the century, on the other hand, movies often constitute natural elements out of which authors create their novelistic reality. Steve Erickson can be seen as an extreme example -- his novels suggest movies provide the only material for men with which to build their reality.
Реникса (2), 181-192, 2010