Geochemical characteristics and depositional environments of cherts and associated rocks from the Franciscan and Shimanto terranes フランシスカン帯と四万十帯のチャート及びそれに付隨する岩石の地球化学的特徴と堆積環境
Geochemical characteristics and depositional environments of cherts and associated rocks from the Franciscan and Shimanto terranes
Yamamoto, K, 1987. Geochemical characteristics and depositional environments of cherts and associated rocks in the Franciscan and Shimanto Terranes. Sediment. Geol., 51: Analyses of 122 Jurassic-Cretaceous rock samples from the Franciscan Terrane, California, and 24 Cretaceous samples from the Shimanto Terrane, southwest Japan, show that the cherts and associated rocks accompanied by pillow basalts are enriched in Fe and Mn which may have been derived from hydrothermal activities. The results of the fraction analyses for terrigenous, basaltic, hydrothermal, and biogenic end-members in the Franciscan rocks show that hydrothermal emanations caused iron and manganese enrichment in the rock samples and played an important role in the formation of siliceous rocks. Vertical variations of the hydrothermal fraction and TiO2-normalized values for hydrothermal elements such as Fe, Mn, Ni, Zn, Y and Pb show a possibility that the bedded cherts of the Franciscan Terrane were deposited in a hydrothermal field on or near some active oceanic ridge, for more than 30 Ma and were a remnant slice of oceanic crust added to the North American continent. On the other hand, from the field occurrences and vertical variations of TiO2-normalized values of hydrothermal elements, the Shimanto rocks are inferred to have been deposited in a hemipelagic environment such as marginal and inter-arc basins.
名古屋大学博士学位論文 学位の種類:理学博士 (論文) 学位授与年月日:昭和61年12月25日