The origin of taungya forestry, its historical development and future perspective : a case study in Thayarwady forest area, Myanmar タウンヤ造林の起源,その後の歴史的展開,および将来展望 ミャンマー,タヤワディ森林区での事例研究

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著者

    • San, Win サン, ウィン

書誌事項

タイトル

The origin of taungya forestry, its historical development and future perspective : a case study in Thayarwady forest area, Myanmar

タイトル別名

タウンヤ造林の起源,その後の歴史的展開,および将来展望 ミャンマー,タヤワディ森林区での事例研究

著者名

San, Win

著者別名

サン, ウィン

学位授与大学

筑波大学

取得学位

博士 (農学)

学位授与番号

甲第2027号

学位授与年月日

1999-03-25

注記・抄録

博士論文

Thesis (Ph. D. in Agriculture)--University of Tsukuba, (A), no. 2027, 1999.3.25

目次

  1. Table of contents / p1 (0004.jp2)
  2. 1 Introduction / p1 (0012.jp2)
  3. 1.1 Background and objectives of the study / p1 (0012.jp2)
  4. 1.2 Preceding research works on historical development of taungya plantations / p4 (0015.jp2)
  5. 1.3 An outline of the study area / p6 (0017.jp2)
  6. 1.4 A brief note on Myanmar / p8 (0021.jp2)
  7. 2.The possible origin of the taungya system / p11 (0024.jp2)
  8. 2.1 Historical background / p11 (0024.jp2)
  9. 2.2 Speculating the possible origin of the taungya system / p13 (0026.jp2)
  10. 2.3 The hill Karen and Brandis / p15 (0028.jp2)
  11. 2.4 Natural taungya / p17 (0030.jp2)
  12. 2.5 The origin of taungya system / p19 (0032.jp2)
  13. 2.6 Taungya plantations in Thayarwady / p22 (0035.jp2)
  14. 2.7 The Imperial forester's use of the Karen to plant teak / p24 (0037.jp2)
  15. 3.The rise and fall of taungya plantations and their background / p27 (0040.jp2)
  16. 3.1 The long-term trends in taungya plantations / p27 (0040.jp2)
  17. 3.2 Procedures for plantation practices / p34 (0047.jp2)
  18. 3.3 Some changes in taungya plantation / p37 (0050.jp2)
  19. 4 The life of taungya farmers and their practices of taungya plantations / p41 (0054.jp2)
  20. 4.1 Ambivalent relationship between the FD and hill Karen / p41 (0054.jp2)
  21. 4.2 The life of taungya farmers in the process of taungya plantations / p52 (0065.jp2)
  22. 5.Agricultural policy changes and taungya plantation after the 1980s / p67 (0080.jp2)
  23. 5.1 The background information of the Thayarwady district / p67 (0080.jp2)
  24. 5.2 Agricultural stagnation in the plain areas before 1988 / p68 (0081.jp2)
  25. 5.3 New government and its effective policy changes in 1988-89 / p75 (0088.jp2)
  26. 5.4 Farm household revenue survey(1995) / p77 (0090.jp2)
  27. 5.5 Taungya plantation after 1988 / p81 (0094.jp2)
  28. 5.6 The farmers who worked in taungya plantation before agricultural boom / p83 (0096.jp2)
  29. 5.7 Revenue for an agricultural worker(1998 survey) / p88 (0102.jp2)
  30. 5.8. Revenue for an eight-acre working farmer(1998 survey) / p89 (0103.jp2)
  31. 5.9 Other reasons for labour shortage in taungya plantations / p91 (0105.jp2)
  32. 6 Taungya plantations and natural teak forest management / p100 (0114.jp2)
  33. 6.1 Forest plantation to increase the annual sustained production / p100 (0114.jp2)
  34. 6.2 Brandis's concept of sustained yield(Yield regulation) / p101 (0115.jp2)
  35. 6.3 An overview of the region's working plan / p102 (0116.jp2)
  36. 6.4 The 1856 working plan / p104 (0118.jp2)
  37. 6.5 The 1868 working plan / p105 (0119.jp2)
  38. 6.6 The 1884 working plan / p106 (0120.jp2)
  39. 6.7 The 1918 working plan / p106 (0120.jp2)
  40. 6.8 The 1928 working plan / p107 (0121.jp2)
  41. 6.9 The 1946 working plan / p108 (0122.jp2)
  42. 6.10 The 1963-64 working plan / p108 (0122.jp2)
  43. 6.11 A comparison of teak growing stock / p109 (0124.jp2)
  44. 6.12 Possible reasons for the poor regeneration and the degradation of teak stocks / p111 (0126.jp2)
  45. 6.13 Has Brandis's dream come true? / p113 (0128.jp2)
  46. 7 The possibility of alternative tree planting options in future Myanmar / p116 (0131.jp2)
  47. 7.1 Natural forest management and past taungya plantations / p116 (0131.jp2)
  48. 7.2 Financial situations of the FD / p116 (0131.jp2)
  49. 7.3 The possibility of farmers' tree planting / p118 (0133.jp2)
  50. 7.4 Land and Forest Acts which allow establishing forest plantations / p119 (0134.jp2)
  51. 7.5 Promising factors for farmers' teak planting / p121 (0136.jp2)
  52. 7.6 Constraints for the outcome of farmers' tree planting / p124 (0140.jp2)
  53. 7.7 An example for the possibility of tree planting by the Karen in Bago hills / p125 (0141.jp2)
  54. 8 Conclusion and recommendations / p130 (0147.jp2)
  55. 8.1 The origin and development of the taungya system in Thayarwady / p130 (0147.jp2)
  56. 8.2 Hill Karen and the FD-an ambivalent relationship / p132 (0149.jp2)
  57. 8.3 Measures needed to improve the system / p133 (0150.jp2)
  58. 8.4 Small-holders' tree planting-a promising alternative for successful tree planting / p134 (0151.jp2)
  59. 8.5 Sustainable management of natural forests / p135 (0152.jp2)
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  • NII論文ID(NAID)
    500000185533
  • NII著者ID(NRID)
    • 8000000185815
  • DOI(NDL)
  • 本文言語コード
    • jpn
  • NDL書誌ID
    • 000000349847
  • データ提供元
    • 機関リポジトリ
    • NDL ONLINE
    • NDLデジタルコレクション
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