The predictability of the result of secondary osteoarthritis after developmental dislocation of the hip, utilizing inferior edge (of teardrop) - center (of femoral head) distance 涙痕下端-骨頭中心間距離からみた先天性股関節脱臼後の二次性変形性股関節症の予後予測
The predictability of the result of secondary osteoarthritis after developmental dislocation of the hip, utilizing inferior edge (of teardrop) - center (of femoral head) distance
We followed-up a group of patients in their youth and then in middle age after they had been treated for developmental dislocation of the hip, and studied whether we could predict the progress of osteoarthritis of the hip when the patients were in the "youth" stage. We studied 21 hips of 21 patients with unilateral dislocation that could be examined twice, in 1975 and 1995, in patients who were treated at our hospital between 1953 and 1963. We measured the acetabular-head index (AHI), center-edge angle (CE angle), and the Sharp angle, and our created index (inferior edge of the teardrop - center of the femoral head distance), and we divided this index by the distance of the inferior edges of the teardrops on both sides. Using these measured values, we studied whether we could predict changes in clinical and radiographic evaluation after a follow-up of 20 years. There was no significant correlation of clinical and radiographic results and AHI, CE angle, and the Sharp angle; however, there was a significant correlation with our created index. The index we created is relatively easily measured and enables us to make a more precise prognosis, in comparison with previously developed indices.