Your good health : how to stay well, and what to do when you're not


Your good health : how to stay well, and what to do when you're not

edited by William I. Bennett, Stephen E. Goldfinger, G. Timothy Johnson

Harvard University Press, 1987

  • : cloth
  • : paper

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 19



Includes index



: cloth ISBN 9780674966314


Your doctor is the second most important person taking care of your health. You're the first. This book was written so that you can do a better job, without going to medical school. It is designed to help you sort out the vital health information you need--what to consider, what to ignore, what to worry about, what to forget. Deciding how to take care of a pain, an injury, a fever--and whether to call in expert advice--is not always an easy task. Knowing how to prevent disease can be even harder: Will I really live longer and feel better if I cut down on dietary fat, or alcohol, or overwork? The main focus of this book is on prevention: habits you can modify, choices you can make in daily life. Good choices do make a difference. The life expectancy of American adults has been increasing, and it is quite clear that professional medical care is not the only reason people are living longer. But when you do call in the professionals, this book will guide you in asking the right questions about your diagnosis and treatment. When medical decisions must be made, you can be an active partner in making them. The doctors who wrote this book have made some fundamental assumptions about their readers: they are people who want to make their own choices about their health, based on the best possible evidence; they want straightforward information unencumbered with excessive detail; when they talk with their physician, they want to ask intelligent questions and understand the answers; they want to live a long life, but also enjoy it along the way; and they want to see the big picture--how their personal health is affected by environmental and social forces.

: paper ISBN 9780674966321


Introduction 1. BASIC MAINTENANCE: FITNESS, WEIGHT CONTROL, AND NUTRITION Fitness How does exercise protect the heart? The rules of the game Starting slow: the fundamental program Moving on Beefing it up Overdoing it Weight Control The problem of overweight The options Why weight control is so difficult Nutrition Fat and the heart Fish story Food and cancer Vitamin C: when is enough enough? Sweet stuff 2. REDUCING THE RISKS: CIGARETTES, ALCOHOL, AND OTHER DRUGS Cigarettes Harder than heroin Safer forms of tobacco? Quitting Blaming the victim Alcohol In the body The confusing mortality curves The way back Coffee Getting an early start One lump or two--or none at all? Coffee, caffeine, and cancer Coffee, cholesterol, and coronaries The scoop Marijuana Highs and lows Physical consequences Keeping off the grass Cocaine Crack Effects of cocaine Treatment for chronic abuse 3. LIVING WITH PROGRESS: ENVIRONMENTAL HAZARDS OF MODERN LIFE Noise Pollution Sound versus noise Someone else's drummer Noise and progress Indoor Air Pollution Common sources The "sick-building syndrome" Radon in houses Asbestos Hazards of the Workplace Chemical exposures Shift work Video display terminals Radiation Exposures Microwaves Medical x-rays Low-level radioactive waste 4. ON THE SURFACE: SKIN, HAIR, NAILS, TEETH, EYES Skin Care Over-the-counter products Acne--a treatable disease New light on psoriasis Beauty versus Health: The Safety of Cosmetics Rashes Other adverse effects Hair Care Normal hair growth Baldness Hair removal Shampoos and rinses Nail Care The normal nail The funny-looking nail Common complaints Tooth Care Sealing out tooth decay Beyond braces: the new orthodontics Periodontal disease Dental implants Eye Care Contact lenses Glaucoma Cataracts Macular degeneration 5. SEX AND ITS COMPLICATIONS Birth Control Least invasive, least reliable Improving the odds Higher tech Sexually Transmitted Diseases Gonorrhea and NGU Chlamydia infections Herpes simplex infections Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) Infertility The basics of human reproduction Beginning the infertility work-up Male factors Female factors Special Problems of Women Pregnancy: age and outcome Premenstrual syndrome (PMS) Lumpy breasts Estrogen and menopause Osteoporosis Vaginitis Urinary tract infections Special Problems of Men Impotence and erectile dysfunction Sex after a heart attack Prostate ailments 6. STRESS AND STRAIN: EMOTIONAL PROBLEMS, SLEEP DISTURBANCES, HEADACHES, AND BACK PAIN Emotional Problems Stress Anxiety Depression The use of psychotherapy Sleep Disturbances The nature of sleep Sleep insurance Slumber aids Insomnia Sleep demons Narcolepsy Sleep apnea Headaches So-called tension headaches Migraine Headaches demanding medical attention Back Pain Possible causes Diagnosing an aching back Interventions Other Nagging Ailments Hemorrhoids Hiccups Gas Night sweats 7. THE BIG THREE: HEART DISEASE, STROKE, AND CANCER Heart Disease Atherosclerosis and coronary artery disease Risk factors Coronary artery spasm Diagnosing coronary artery disease Treatment Limiting the damage of a heart attack Preventing "electrical deaths" from heart attacks Abnormal heart valves Arrhythmias Stroke Definition Transient ischemic attacks To operate or not? Anti-platelet drugs Who is at risk? The hypertension story Cancer Environmental factors Testing for carcinogens Early detection and treatment Skin cancer Lung cancer Colon cancer Breast cancer Prostate cancer Cervical cancer 8. DEALING WITH THE MEDICAL ESTABLISHMENT Keeping Things in Perspective More can be too much It ain't necessarily so An ounce of prevention Selecting a Health Plan Fee-for-service payment Cost-conscious alternatives Coverage and price tags Choice Quality The bottom line Choosing and Using Your Doctor Training Practice patterns Communicating The impaired physician Taking Your Medicine Generic drugs Drugs and the elderly Immunizations Childhood immunizations Adult immunizations Periodic Check-Ups Screening tests for the healthy person What lab tests can reveal Biopsies Predonating Blood A Guide for Human "Guinea Pigs" Risks and safeguards An informed decision The issue of compensation Living Wills The purpose of a living will The pitfalls What Do You Do, Doctor? Acknowledgments Index

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