Residential crowding and design


Residential crowding and design

edited by John R. Aiello and Andrew Baum

Plenum Press, c1979

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 13



Includes bibliographies and indexes



The intent of this book is threefold: (1) to summarize recent research concerned with residential crowding, (2) to present some new perspec- tives on this important subject, and (3) to consider design implications and recommendations that can be derived from the existing body of research. We have sought to bring together the work of many of the researchers most involved in these areas, and have asked them to go beyond their data-to present new insights into response to residential crowding and to speculate about the meaning of their work for the present and future design of residential environments. We feel that this endeavor has been successful, and that the present volume will help to advance our understanding of these issues. The study of residential density is not new. Studies in this area were conducted by sociologists as early as the 1920s, yielding moderate corre- lational relationships between census tract density and various social and physical pathologies. This work, however, has been heavily criticized because it did not adequately consider confounding social structural factors, such as social class and ethnicity. The research that will be presented in the present volume represents a new generation of crowding investigation. All of the work has been conducted during the 1970s, and a range of methodological strategies have been employed in these studies.


I The Study of Residential Crowding.- 1 Residential Crowding Research.- 2 Crowding and Behavior in Chicago, 1940-1970.- 3 Crowding in Urban Environments: An Integration of Theory and Research.- 4 Residential Density, Social Overload, and Social Withdrawal.- 5 Density, Perceived Choice, and Response to Controllable and Uncontrollable Outcomes.- 6 Field Research on the Effects of Crowding in Prisons and on Offshore Drilling Platforms.- 7 Perception of Residential Crowding, Classroom Experiences, and Student Health.- 8 Environmental Satisfaction in High- and Low-Rise Residential Settings: A Lewinian Perspective.- 9 Crowding and Personal Control: Social Density and the Development of Learned Helplessness.- II Crowding and Residential Design.- 10 Current Status of Work on Crowding and Suggestions for Housing Design.- 11 Generating Behavioral Data for the Design Process.- 12 Design Implications of Spatial Research.- 13 Density, Personal Control, and Design.- 14 Designing for High-Density Living.- Author Index.

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