us ISBN 9780387974088
A unique collection of thirty experiments ranging from ancient astronomy to cosmology, each containing one or more challenges for the reader. The progression here is from the Earth outward through the solar system to the stellar and galactic realm. Topics include the shape of the sky; Stonehenge as a stone-age abacus; determining the size of the Earth; the distance of the moon, stars and planets; planetary mass, density, temperature and atmosphere; the speed of light; the nature of the quiet and active sun; photometry and spectroscopy; star clusters and variable stars; and fundamental properties of stars.
1. The Vault of Heaven.- 2. Astronomy of the Spheres.- 3. Early Astronomy.- 4. The Earth's Radius.- 5. The Distance of the Moon.- 6. Measuring Lunar Mountains.- 7. The Phases of Venus.- 8. Saturn's Parallax and Motion.- 9. The Astronomical Unit.- 10. The Moon's Orbit.- 11. The Galilean Moons of Jupiter.- 12. Planetary Packaging: Mean Densities.- 13. Earth Satellites.- 14. Orbits and Space Travel.- 15. Photography of the Sun and Stars.- 16. The Speed and Color of Light.- 17. Planetary Surface Temperatures.- 18. Planetary Atmospheres.- 19. Atmospheric Effects on Starlight and Sunlight.- 20. Sources of Cosmic Radiation.- 21. Optical Aids and Their Limitations.- 22. Laser Light and Speckle Interferometry.- 23. Photometry.- 24. Spectral Analysis.- 25. The Doppler Effect.- 26. Binary Star Systems.- 27. Fundamental Properties of Stars.- 28. The Face of a Star: The Sun.- 29. Star Clusters.- 30. Olbers's Paradox: Cosmology and the Night Sky.- Appendices.- A - Coordinate Systems and Spherical Astronomy.- B - A Brief Summary of Error Analysis.- C - Constructing a Cross-Staff.- D - Julian Day Number Table.- E - Planetary Position Tables.- F - Photographic Targets.- G - Topics Guide.
gw ISBN 9783540974086
This volume contains a collection of 30 astronomy experiments ranging from ancient astronomy to cosmology. Each of the experiments contains one or more challenges for the reader. The progression is from the Earth outward through the solar system to the stellar and galactic realm. Topics include the shape of the sky, Stonehenge as a Stone Age abacus, determination of the size of the Earth, the distance of the Moon and planets, Kepler's laws, planetary mass and density, the temperatures and atmospheres of planets, the speed of light, the distances of stars, the nature of the quiet and active Sun, photometry and spectroscopy, stars clusters and variable stars, fundamental properties of stars and Olber's paradox. The early experiments are suitable for advanced secondary and non-scientific university undergraduates while the later experiments, which offer increasingly difficult challenges, are more suitable for those taking scientific programmes at university.
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