War and government in Britain, 1598-1650


War and government in Britain, 1598-1650

Mark Charles Fissel, editor

(War, armed forces and society)

Manchester University Press, c1991

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 10



Includes bibliographical references and index



On 14 August 1598 an English force of around 4000 fell into an Irish ambush outside Armagh and suffered perhaps as high as 50 percent casualties. The battle of the Yellow Ford marked the nadir of English fortunes in Ireland and is the starting point for this study. Spring 1650, on the other hand, witnessed a radically different set of circumstances. The English army stood triumphant in the aftermath of a decisive and violent suppression of the Irish rebellion. Oliver Cromwell's victorious departure from that island sets the terminal date for this volume. In the intervening half century England suffered defeat at Cadiz (1625), Rhe (1627), and Newburn (1640), while a "British Civil War" was fought, a sovereign beheaded and a republic established. Warfare did not exert pressure on English governments steadily; the British wars from 1598 to 1650 - ebbed and flowed. England had the ability to mobilize and fight a battle or two, but only rarely could government sustain a major campaign, as was achieved in Ireland in 1598-1601 and 1649-1650. Success depended upon eliciting the two-fold support of the county communities - cooperation with the lieutenancy in raising forces, equipment, coats, horses, and whatever else the central government needed, and the willingness of the shires' representatives to grant extraordinary supply in parliament. The relationship between war and government is approached through five topical areas, with a pair of essays considering each topic. Irish wars are examined in regards to logistics; the domestic consequences of government's involvement in war are explored through the institution of lieutenancy in the English shires; government's deployment of expeditionary forces and the navy are dealt with in reference to the voyages to Cadiz and Rhe and the implementation of ship money; Scotland's prayer book rebellion affords a look at one of the military revolution's primary facets, army finance; the episode of the Bishops' Wars leads to a wider conflagration, the Civil War, the one chapter in which the authors put a human face on the rather rigid facade of government. Aside from the study of the Cromwellian Irish campaign, the chapters fall into roughly chronological order. The organization should facilitate the reading of the volume in select chapters or in its entirety, cover to cover.


  • Logistics and Ireland - Elizabethan and Cromwellian Irish campaigns
  • the "Irish road" - military supply and arms for Elizabeth's army during the O'Neill rebellion in Ireland, 1598-1601, Richard W.Stewart
  • logistics and supply in Cromwell's conquest of Ireland, James Scott Wheeler
  • lieutenancy and England - war and government in the county communities during the 1620s
  • deputies not principals, lieutenants not captains - the institutional failure of lieutenancy in the 1620s, Thomas Garden Barnes
  • war and the structure of politics - lieutenancy and the campaign of 1628, Victor Stater
  • arms and expeditions - the ordnance office and the assaults on Cadiz (1625) and the Isle of Rhe (1627), Richard W.Stewart
  • naval finance and the origins and development of ship money, Andrew Thrush
  • finance and Scotland - military revenue during the Bishops' Wars, 1638-1640
  • episcopal warriors in the British Wars of religion, Caroline Hibbard
  • Scottish war and English money - the short Parliament of 1640, Mark Charles Fissel
  • the English Civil War
  • the face of battle in the English Civil Wars, Charles Carlton
  • war and disorder - policing the soldiery in civil war Yorkshire, Ronan Bennett.

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