European collaboration in advanced technology


European collaboration in advanced technology

Joachim W. Müller

Elsevier , Distributors for the U.S. and Canada, Elsevier Science Pub. Co., 1990

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 5



Includes bibliographical references (p. [405]-420) and index



The completion of the European internal market in 1992 and the challenge from Japanese industry has stimulated growing interest in government funding of European collaboration in advanced technology. This book examines European collaboration in detail. The various approaches to implementing government funding are discussed, as well as providing an overview on the justifications for such funding. A number of previous and current projects aimed at European collaboration are examined, focusing on those issues which distinguish them from national projects. Examples are given by reviewing schemes such as AIRBUS, ARIANE, ESPRIT, EUREKA and TORNADO. The European communication satellite programme is analyzed, giving special attention to the development of projects such as OTS/ECS, OLYMPUS and TV-SAT/TDF. Also included is an extensive bibliography, tables and a keyword index. The thorough overview of the subject-matter, as well as the wealth of empirical information will be of considerable interest to all those involved in the study of European collaboration.


1. European Collaboration in Advanced Technology. Introduction. Experience in European collaboration. Funding objectives. Collaborative sharing. Collaborative efficiency. Current understanding and the study of the TELECOM programme. 2. Initiatives for a European Communication Satellite Programme. First activities in communication satellites. Europe's activity during the early 1960s-66. CETS/A and CETS/B project initiatives. CETS-C/EURAFRICA project initiative '83. TELECOM programme initiative: approval of phase I-90. References - III. 3. The Management System and Telecom Programme Phase I. Introduction to the management system. Legislative level: ESRO's committee structure. Executive level: ESRO's permanent body. Project management at ESRO. Multi-step planning and contracting procedure. ESRO's industrial policy. Industrial level: European consortia system. ESRO's liaison with the user organisations. TELECOM programme: phase I work plan. ECS. Support technology programme. Test satellite and programme strategy. Approval of TELECOM programme phase II and reform of ESRO. References. 4. Telecom Programme Phase II. Phase II work plan. ECS. Support technology programme. Test satellite. A launcher for the TELECOM programme. OTS and approval of the TELECOM arrangement. Selection of the OTS contractor. Satellite control and test station (SCTS). A launcher for OTS. OTS derivatives. OTS utilisation programme. Financial situation of Phase II. Status of the OTS project. References. 5. Telecom Programme Phase III. The unification of the European space organisations. Package deal concept and the H-SAT proposal. ESA-CEPT negotiations on use of ECS. Decision on the package deal proposal. ESA-EUTELSAT negotiations. Pre-selection of the H-SAT contractor. OTS launch failure. New package deal proposal. ECS and launch of OTS2. ESA-EUTELSAT agreement and TELECOM programme phase III. H-SAT: the final split. References. 6. Communication Satellites in Europe. New developments and market outlook. Satellite projects derived from the ESA programme. Satellite projects derived from Franco-German activities. European satellite systems based on US technology. Summary. References. 7. Lessons on European Collaboration. Initiation and implementation of the OTS/ECS programme. The H-SAT project and subsequent efforts. Some lessons for European collaboration in advanced technology. References. Appendices: Tables and graphs. Communication satellite technology. Bibliography. Index.

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