What is cognitive science?

書誌事項

What is cognitive science?

Barbara Von Eckardt

MIT Press, c1993

  • : pbk

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注記

"A Bradford book."

Includes bibliographical references (p. [445]-457) and index

内容説明・目次

巻冊次

ISBN 9780262220460

内容説明

The field of cognitive science is now in its third decade, yet the question remains whether science, which studies the human mind and which draws on disciplines as varied as linguistics, artificial intelligence, philosophy, cognitive psychology, and neuroscience, can exist as a coherent intellectual enterprise. In this analysis, Barbara Von Eckardt lays the foundations for understanding what it means to be a cognitive scientist. She characterizes the basic assumptions that define the cognitive science approach and systematically sorts out issues and controversies surrounding them. Von Eckardt takes issue with those who, like Howard Gardner in "The Mind's New Science", argue that there is no agreed-upon research paradigm and no agreed-upon set of assumptions or methods in cognitive science, and with those who believe that the field should not be so committed. She argues that there is indeed a framework of shared commitments that includes basic questions guiding research, substantive assumptions constraining how those questions are to be answered, and methodological assumptions about how to find those answers. In the first two chapters, Von Eckardt describes Stephen Kosslyn's work on mental imagery as a paradigmatic example of research in cognitive science and considers the domain and the basic questions of cognitive science. The next six chapters focus on the substantive assumptions of cognitive science - in particular, that the human mind is computational and that it is representational. The final chapter shows how these assumptions are used to answer the basic questions of the field and discusses its methodological assumptions (including several controversial assumptions about the role of neuroscience). Von Eckardt concludes by setting out the challenges cognitive science must meet in order to enjoy a viable future.

目次

  • Part 1 Some preliminaries: research frameworks
  • an example of cognitive science research
  • the characterization in brief. Part 2 The domain and the basic questions: the identification assumption
  • the property assumptions
  • the grouping assumptions
  • the basic questions. Part 3 The computational assumption: the computational linking assumption
  • the computational system assumption
  • conventional machines
  • connectionist machines
  • the evolution of cognitive science. Part 4 Representation in general: the representational linking assumption
  • Peirce's triadic analysis
  • the representation-object relation
  • the representation-interpretant relation
  • the representational system assumption. Part 5 Mental representation: what mental representations are not
  • the representation bearer
  • the semantics of mental representation. Part 6 Current approaches to content determination: grounding mental content
  • the structural isomorphism approach
  • the functional role approach
  • the causal historical approach
  • the indicator approach
  • the biological function approach. Part 7 constraints on a theory of content determination: naturalism
  • the descriptive case against internalism
  • a normative case for internalism
  • methodological individualism. Part 8 Significance: Peirce's view
  • the regress problem in cognitive science
  • an inadequate solution
  • cognitive science's solution. Part 9 The methodological assumptions: the explanatory strategy of cognitive science
  • the study of cognition
  • the role of neuroscience
  • explanatory ineliminability. Epilogue: some challenges for the future. Appendices: characterizing an immature science: the logical positivist tradition
  • Kuhn's notion of a paradigm
  • Laudan's notion of a research tradition.
巻冊次

: pbk ISBN 9780262720236

内容説明

In this richly detailed analysis, Barbara Von Eckardt lays the foundations for understanding what it means to be a cognitive scientist. She characterizes the basic assumptions that define the cognitive science approach and systematically sorts out a host of recent and the controversies surrounding them. Von Eckardt takes issue with those who argue that there is no agreed-upon research paradigm and agreed-upon set of assumptions or methods in cognitive science, and with those who believe that the field should not be so committed. She argues that there is indeed a framework of shared commitments that includes basic questions guiding research, substantive assumptions constraining how those questions are to be answered, and methodological assumptions about how to find those answers. A Bradford Book

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詳細情報

  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    BA19246542
  • ISBN
    • 0262220466
    • 026272023X
  • LCCN
    92010167
  • 出版国コード
    us
  • タイトル言語コード
    eng
  • 本文言語コード
    eng
  • 出版地
    Cambridge, Mass.
  • ページ数/冊数
    x, 466 p.
  • 大きさ
    24 cm
  • 分類
  • 件名
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