書誌事項

Anaerobic bacteria

K.T. Holland, J.S. Knapp and J.G. Shoesmith

(Tertiary level biology)

Blackie, 1987

  • : pbk

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注記

Includes bibliography and index

内容説明・目次

内容説明

This book is appropriate for advanced undergraduate students of micro- biology and biological sciences in universities and colleges, as well as for research workers entering the field and requiring a broad contemporary view of anaerobic bacteria and associated concepts. Obligate anaerobes, together with microaerophils, are characterized by their sensitivity to oxygen. This dictates specialized laboratory methods- a fact which has led to many students being less familiar with anaerobes than their distribution and importance would warrant The metabolic strategies such as methanogenesis, an oxygenic photosynthesis and diverse fermenta- tive pathways which do not have equivalents in aerobic bacteria also make anaerobes worthy of attention. In these limited pages an attempt has been made to cover the varied aspects of anaerobic bacteria, and a bibliography has been included, which will allow individual topics to be pursued in greater detail. We are grateful to Mrs Winifred Webster and Mrs Hilary Holdsworth for typing the manuscript and to the Leeds University Audio Visual Service for preparing the figures. Finally, our thanks go to the students, postgradu- ates and wives who read and criticized the manuscript.

目次

1 Anaerobes and Oxygen.- 1.1 Oxygen toxicity.- 1.2 The intolerance of anaerobes.- 1.3 Oxygen and redox potential.- 1.4 Oxygen and growth media.- 2 Physiology of Anaerobes.- 2.1 Energy transduction: general considerations.- 2.2 Photosynthetic mechanisms.- 2.2.1 Light-harvesting systems.- 2.2.2 Reaction centre.- 2.2.3 Proton translocation and phosphorylation.- 2.2.4 Production of reducing power.- 2.3 Non-photosynthetic ATP production.- 2.4 Electron transport linked phosphorylation: anaerobic respiration.- 2.4.1 Methanogens.- 2.4.2 Sulphidogens: sulphate reduction.- 2.4.3 Fumarate reduction.- 2.5 Substrate-level phosphorylation: fermentation.- 2.5.1 Single amino acids.- 2.5.2 Pairs of amino acids.- 2.5.3 Sugars.- 2.5.4 Purines and pyrimidines.- 2.6 Carbon dioxide fixation.- 2.7 Other aspects of metabolism.- 2.8 Transport of substrates by anaerobes.- 2.9 Antimicrobial agents.- 3 Techniques in Anaerobic Microbiology.- 3.1 Oxygen exclusion technique.- 3.1.1 Hungate technique.- 3.1.2 Anaerobic cabinet.- 3.2 Anaerobic incubation systems.- 3.3 Growth techniques for microaerophiles.- 3.4 Specialized media.- 3.5 Methods for isolation and selection of particular anaerobes.- 3.6 Miscellaneous techniques.- 3.7 Continuous culture.- 4 Types of Anaerobic and Microaerophilic Bacteria.- 4.1 Origins.- 4.2 Phototrophic bacteria.- 4.2.1 The Chromatiaceae (or purple sulphur bacteria).- 4.2.2 The anaerobic green sulphur bacteria.- 4.3 Spirochaetes.- 4.4 Anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli.- 4.4.1 Bacteroides.- 4.4.2 Fusobacterium and Leptotrichia.- 4.4.3 Other Gram-negative bacilli.- 4.4.4 Sulphate-reducing bacteria.- 4.5 The methanogenic bacteria.- 4.6 Anaerobic cocci.- 4.7 Gram-positive non-sporing bacilli.- 4.7.1 Lactobacillus.- 4.7.2 Bifidobacterium.- 4.7.3 Eubacterium.- 4.7.4 Propionibacterium.- 4.7.5 Actinomyces.- 4.7.6 Micromonospora.- 4.8 Endospore-forming anaerobes.- 4.9 Wall-deficient bacteria: L-forms and Anaeroplasma.- 4.10 Microaerophilic bacteria.- 4.10.1 Campylobacter.- 4.10.2 Spirillum volutans.- 4.10.3 Beggiatoaceae.- 4.10.4 Zymomonas.- 4.10.5 Other microaerophilic bacteria.- 4.11 Anaerobes of the future.- 5 Anaerobes in Natural Environments.- 5.1 The gastro-intestinal tract.- 5.2 The rumen.- 5.2.1 The rumen environment.- 5.2.2 Bacterial carbon metabolism.- 5.2.3 Metabolism of other compounds.- 5.2.4 The rumen as a continuous culture system.- 5.2.5 Protozoa.- 5.2.6 Disturbance of rumen microbiology.- 5.2.7 Methods of investigation.- 5.3 Human intestinal flora.- 5.3.1 The intestinal environment.- 5.3.2 The bacteria of the intestine.- 5.3.3 The function of the intestinal bacteria.- 5.3.4 Intestinal flora and cancer.- 5.4 The intestine of other animals.- 5.4.1 Hind-gut fermentation.- 5.5 The bacteria of the mouth.- 5.6 Anaerobic habitats in other parts of the body.- 5.7 Aquatic and marine habitats.- 5.7.1 Transient bacteria.- 5.7.2 Anaerobic activities and the carbon cycle.- 5.7.3 The sulphur cycle.- 5.7.4 Sulphureta.- 5.7.5 Stabilization ponds.- 5.8 Soil.- 5.9 Study of habitats.- 5.10 Detrimental effects of obligate anaerobes.- 6 Anaerobes of Medical Importance.- 6.1 Aetiology, incidence and sites of infection.- 6.2 Clostridia.- 6.2.1 Clostridium tetani.- 6.2.2 Clostridium botulinum.- 6.2.3 Other Clostridia.- 6.2.4 Clostridium perfringens food poisoning.- 6.3 Campylobacter.- 6.4 Bacteroides.- 6.5 Treponema pallidum.- 7 Industrial Applications of Anaerobes.- 7.1 Retting.- 7.2 Chemical production by anaerobes.- 7.2.1 The acetone-butanol process.- 7.2.2 Ethanol production.- 7.2.3 Fatty acid production and related processes.- 7.3 Anaerobic digestion.- 7.3.1 The process of anaerobic digestion.- 7.3.2 Methane production from landfill sites.- 7.3.3 Bacterial sulphide production.- 7.3.4 Microbiology of anaerobic digestion.- 7.4 Vaccines.- 7.5 Biochemicals and enzymes.- 7.6 Future possibilities.- References.

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詳細情報

  • NII書誌ID(NCID)
    BA20489916
  • ISBN
    • 0216919991
    • 0216920000
  • 出版国コード
    uk
  • タイトル言語コード
    eng
  • 本文言語コード
    eng
  • 出版地
    Glasgow
  • ページ数/冊数
    ix, 206 p
  • 大きさ
    22 cm
  • 分類
  • 件名
  • 親書誌ID
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