The creation of a community : the city of Wells in the Middle Ages

書誌事項

The creation of a community : the city of Wells in the Middle Ages

David Gary Shaw

(Oxford historical monographs)

Clarendon Press , Oxford University Press, 1993

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注記

Bibliography: p. 296-316

Include index

内容説明・目次

内容説明

This is the first scholarly history of the city of Wells in the Middle Ages. David Gary Shaw makes full use of the rich archives of Wells to trace its growth from a rural manor into the prosperous borough it became by the late twelfth century. Dr Shaw examines the variety of trades which flourished in Wells - including tanning, glove-making, and cloth-manufacture - and analyses the composition of the burgess community. He also explores the importance of the family, the extent of social mobility, the position of women, and the roles of conviviality on the one hand and religion on the other in shaping communal activity and communal spirit. Dr Wells makes full use of the rich archives of Wells to present in vivid and telling detail the anatomy of a medieval borough.

目次

  • Introduction - the appeal of the small town, community and the borough community, sources
  • origins - the early Church, the development of the town
  • the size of a small town - the physical city
  • the smaller town in medieval Europe, the size of the population, population change - dilapidation and decayed rents, population change - the admissions list, migration, relative size
  • economy - occupational structure, clothmaking - participation, organization of the industry, magnitude of the industry, Wells and its countryside, trade, labour, conclusion - qualifying urban decline
  • the balance of authority - the burgesses' power circa 1300, the moment of crisis, the community's resources, the accommodation
  • the social history of the borough community 1377-1500 - membership, socio-economic composition, participation and office-holding, trades and "power", oligarchy
  • the culture of the borough community 1377-1520 - the community ideal, order and tradition, the fraternal ideal, unity, virtues and vices, the institutions of community, initiation, conviviality, manifestations of unity, peacemaking, arbitration
  • the social world completed - the foreigners - a neglected social category, economic and political situation, poverty, the scope of poverty, women
  • the culture of the Church - the cathedral, the parish, the parish guilds, chantry and community, prayer, alms - the giving, education, new lives, heterodoxy and control
  • conclusion - the complexity of small things. Appendices: Wells' bishops
  • stewards and masters of Wells borough community.

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