Logic and visual information

書誌事項

Logic and visual information

Eric M. Hammer

(Studies in logic, language and information)

CSLI Publications , FoLLI, c1995

  • : cloth : alk. paper
  • : pbk. : alk. paper

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注記

Includes bibliographical references (p. 117-119) and indexes

内容説明・目次

内容説明

This book examines the logical foundations of visual information: information presented in the form of diagrams, graphs, charts, tables, and maps. The importance of visual information is clear from its frequent presence in everyday reasoning and communication, and also in computation. Chapters of the book develop the logics of familiar systems of diagrams such as Venn diagrams and Euler circles. Other chapters develop the logic of higraphs, Peirce diagrams, and a system having both diagrams and sentences among its well-formed representations. Syntax, semantics, rules of inference, and soundness and completeness results are provided for each of the systems. In addition to developing the logic of diagrams, key questions about the status of visual information are discussed, such as the relationship between language and visually-presented information.

目次

  • Introduction
  • 1. Diagrams and Isomorphism
  • 1.1 Two-dimensionality
  • 1.2 Isomorphism thesis
  • 1.2.1 Informality
  • 1.2.2 Accidental isomorphism
  • 1.2.3 Literal preservation
  • 1.2.4 Non-literal preservation
  • 1.3 Conclusion
  • 2. Diagrams and Language
  • 2.1 Heterogeneous representations
  • 2.2 Text and meaning
  • 2.3 Text and efficiency
  • 2.4 Conclusion
  • 3. Diagrams and Rigor
  • 3.1 Proofs and diagrams
  • 3.2 Individuation of proofs
  • 3.3 Diagrams and formalization
  • 3.4 Conclusion
  • 4. Venn Diagrams
  • 4.1 Syntax
  • 4.2 Semantics
  • 4.3 Rules of inference
  • 4.4 Shin's theorem
  • 4.5 Completeness
  • 4.6 Definability
  • 4.7 Appendix: Proofs for chapter 4
  • 5. Venn Diagrams and First-Order Logic
  • 5.1 Syntax
  • 5.2 Semantics
  • 5.3 Rules of inference
  • 5.4 Completeness
  • 5.5 Appendix: diagrams and models
  • 6. Euler Circles
  • 6.1 Syntax
  • 6.2 Semantics
  • 6.3 Euler diagrams and Venn diagrams
  • 6.4 Rules of inference
  • 6.5 Completeness theorem
  • 7. Higraphs
  • 7.1 Syntax
  • 7.2 Semantics
  • 7.3 Rules of inference
  • 7.4 Completeness
  • 8. Peirce Diagrams
  • 8.1 Syntax
  • 8.1.1 Types and tokens
  • 8.1.2 Linear notation
  • 8.2 Semantics
  • 8.3 Rules of inference
  • 8.3.1 Provability and peircean provability
  • 8.4 Soundness
  • 8.5 Completeness
  • Conclusion
  • Bibliography
  • Indexes.

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