Paths to peace : is democracy the answer?


Paths to peace : is democracy the answer?

Miriam Fendius Elman, editor

(CSIA studies in international security)

MIT Press, 1997

  • : pbk. : alk. paper

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 14



Includes bibliographical references and index



Many political scientists have hailed the apparent existence of Democratic Peace--the absence of wars between democracies--as proof that a world of democracies would be a world without war. This idea challenges traditional approaches to international politics, which focus on the balance of power between states regardless of their political systems. It also has important implications for world politics, especially as President Clinton has made the promotion of democracy a cornerstone of U.S. foreign policy on the grounds that democracies never fight each other.This volume examines historical cases that shed light on various arguments that might account for a Democratic Peace. Focusing on international crises between democratic, democratic-nondemocratic, and nondemocratic pairs of states that either escalated to war or were resolved peacefully, Paths to Peace explores the extent to which domestic norms and institutions influence threat perceptions and the process of foreign policymaking.Cases involving democratic pairs include the Anglo-French entente cordiale, the Spanish-American War, Anglo-American peace since 1815, and Finland versus the Western democracies in World War II. Cases involving democracies and nondemocratic counterparts include the British-Argentine war over the Falklands, the Indo-Pakistani conflict, and Israel's invasion of Lebanon. Finally, cases involving nondemocratic relationships include events such as the Iran-Iraq War and examples of nondemocratic peace, such as the resolution of crises between Peru and Colombia, Indonesia and Malaysia, and Turkey and Greece.Contributors : Kurt Dassel, Miriam Fendius Elman, Lawrence Freedman, Sumit Ganguly, Arie M. Kacowicz, Christopher Layne, Martin Malin, John C. Matthews III, John M. Owen, Stephen R. Rock.


  • Introduction: The need for a qualitative test of the democratic peace theory, Miriam Fendius Elman. Part 1 Peace between democracies - is democracy the cause? Lord Palmerston and the triumph of realism - Anglo-French relations, 1830-48, Christopher Layne
  • Anglo-U.S. relations, 1845-1930 - did shared liberal values and democratic institutions keep the peace? Stephen R. Rock. Part 2 Never say never - are there exceptions to the rule that democracies do not fight each other? Perceptions and the limits of liberal peace - the Mexican-American and Spanish-American wars, John M. Owen
  • Finland in World War II - alliances, small states, and the democratic peace, Miriam Fendius Elman. Part 3 Democracies in the world at large - are they generally more pacific and prudent? How did the democratic process affect Britain's decision to reoccupy the Falkland Islands? Lawrence Freedman
  • War and conflict between India and Pakistan - revisiting the pacifying power of democracy, Sumit Ganguly
  • Israel's invasion of Lebanon, 1982 - regime change and war decisions, Miriam Fendius elman
  • Peru versus Colombia and Senegal versus Mauritania - mixes dyads and 'negative peace', Arie M. Kacowicz. Part 4 Nondemocratic war and peace - is authoritarianism the culprit? Is autocracy an obstacle to peace? Iran and Iraq, 1975-80, Martin Malin
  • Domestic instability, the military, and foreign policy - Indonesia, 1956-71, Kurt Dassel
  • Turkish and Hungarian foreign policy during the interwar period - domestic institutions and the democratic peace, John C. Matthews III. Conclusion: Testing the democratic peace theory, Miriam Fendius Elman.

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