The new academic generation : a profession in transformation


The new academic generation : a profession in transformation

Martin J. Finkelstein, Robert K. Seal, Jack H. Schuster

Johns Hopkins University Press, 1998

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Includes bibliographical references (p.[221]-226) and index



American colleges and universities are poised at the edge of a remarkable transformation. But while rapid technological changes and increasingly intense competition for funding are widely recognized as signs of a new era, there has also been an unprecedented though silent demographic change in the profile of the faculty. In The New Academic Generation, higher education researchers Martin Finkelstein, Robert Seal, and Jack Schuster focus on the changing face of academe, as women, foreign-born, and minority scholars enter the professoriate in larger numbers and as alternatives to full-time tenure-eligible appointments take hold. Looking at who will teach at American colleges and universities in the future and examining their roles and responsibilities, the authors argue that the new generation will usher in an era of dramatic change with profound long-term implications. Finkelstein, Seal, and Schuster base their analysis on the 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty conducted by the U.S. Department of Education's National Center for Education Statistics. The largest national survey of faculty in a quarter-century, it provides detailed analyses permitting the authors to describe the characteristics of the relatively new entrants into academic careers, and to compare them with their more senior colleagues. The authors present their analysis in 88 tables, describe their findings, examine future issues for teaching-learning communities, and provide strategies for strengthening the faculty-and thereby higher education itself. The challenges posed by this new academic generation, they conclude, will be one of the defining issues for American colleges and universities for years to come.


List of Figures and Tables Preface and Acknowledgments Part I: Context: The Faculty at a Crossroads Chapter 1. A Faculty Perspective Chapter 2. Two Notable Developments Chapter 3. In Summary Part II: Taking the Measure of a New Academic Generation Chapter 4. Studying the Professoriate: A Historical Note Chapter 5. Scope of Inquiry Chapter 6. Identifying the New Academic Generation Chapter 7. The Seven-Year Sort Chapter 8. The 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty Chapter 9. Data Analysis Procedures Part III: Demographic Contours of the New Academic Generation Chapter 10. The New-Faculty Cohort: Its Size and Venues Chapter 11. Demographics and Background Chapter 12. In Summary Part IV: The Preparation and Careers of the New Academic Generation Chapter 13. Educational Background Chapter 14. Career Experience Chapter 15. In Summary Part V: The New Academic Generation at Work Chapter 16. Distribution of Faculty Effort Chapter 17. The Work Week Chapter 18. Teaching Strategies Chapter 19. Involvement in Research and Publication Chapter 20. Concurrent Employment Chapter 21. In Summary Part VI: The Attitudes and Values of the New Academic Generation Chapter 22. Faculty Roles and Rewards Chapter 23. Instructional Duties Chapter 24. The Campus Environment Chapter 25. Campus Facilities and Resources Chapter 26. In Summary Part VII: The New Academic Generation and the Future of American Higher Education Chapter 27. Summary of Intercohort Comparisons Chapter 28. Implications for the Future Faculty and Their Work Chapter 29. In Conclusion Appendix A: Extended Tables Appendix B: Selected Comparisons of New- and Senior-Faculty Cohorts Appendix C: 1993 National Study of Postsecondary Faculty: Faculty Questionnaire Notes References Index

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