Creating literacy instruction for all children
Creating literacy instruction for all children
Allyn and Bacon, c2000
Rev. ed. of: Creating reading instruction for all children. 2nd ed. c1996
Includes bibliographical references (p. 555-576) and index
Creating Literacy Instruction for All Children is a comprehensive, practical text that provides its readers with step-by-step guidance for teaching all major aspects of reading and writing. Gunning's text helps students discover approaches and techniques that fit teachers' personal styles and situations. It aims to present as fairly, completely, and clearly as possible the major methods and strategies shown to be successful in research and practice. The text features sample lessons for virtually every major literacy skill/strategy and offers numerous reinforcement suggestions and generous listings of materials. With two updated chapters on word analysis skills/strategies, the text continues to give teachers the information and techniques they need to implement a systematic and functional program of word analysis that is integrated with students' reading and writing. The text also presents the theory behind the methods, so students will be free to choose, adapt, and/or construct their own approaches as they create literacy instruction. This edition endorses the viewpoint that a well-prepared classroom teacher is capable of effectively instructing most struggling readers and writers.
Chapters begin with "Anticipation Guide" and "Using What You Know" and conclude with "Help for Struggling Readers and Writers," "Essential Student Objectives," "Assessment," "Summary," "Classroom Applications" and "Field Applications." 1.The Nature of Literacy and Today's Children. The Nature of Reading. The Reader's Role in the Reading Process. Approaches to Reading Instruction: Whole versus Part Learning. Importance of Literacy Models. Approach Taken by This Text. Stages of Reading Development. A Reading and Writing Program for Today's Students. 2.Fostering Emergent/Early Literacy. Understanding Emergent Literacy. Fostering Emergent Literacy. Core Activities for Building Emergent/Early Literacy. Monitoring Emergent/Early Literacy. 3.Teaching Phonics, Sight Words, and Syllabic Analysis. Rationale and Approaches for Phonics Instruction. How Words Are Read. How Sight Words Are Learned. Stages in Reading Words. Basic Principles of Phonics Instruction. Phonics Elements. Approaches to Teaching Phonics. Scope and Sequence. Phonics and Spelling. Strategy Instruction. Sight Words. Syllabication. 4.Building Vocabulary. The Need for Vocabulary Instruction. Stages of Word Knowledge. Seven Principles of Developing Vocabulary. Techniques for Teaching Words. A Planned Program. Remembering Vocabulary. Teaching Special Features of Words. Learning How to Learn Words. Supplying Corrective Feedback. 5.Comprehension: Theory and Strategies. The Process of Comprehending. Comprehension Strategies. Social-Constructivist Nature of Comprehension. Learning Environment. Importance of Affective Factors. 6.Comprehension: Text Structures and Teaching Procedures. Nature of the Text. The Role of Questions in Comprehension. Frameworks for Fostering Comprehension. The Cloze Procedure. Critical Reading. 7.Reading and Writing in the Content Areas and Study Skills. Overall Goals of Literacy Instruction in the Content Areas. Using Content Area Text Books. Children's Books and Periodicals in the Content Areas. Group Inventory Placement. Instructional Techniques. Teaching Content Area Knowledge. Writing to Learn. Sheltered English. Reading to Remember. Fostering Retention. SQ3R: A Theory-Based Study Strategy. Test-Taking Strategies. Study Habits. Expressive Study Skills. Metacognitive Study Strategies. 8.Reading Literature. Experiencing Literature. Types of Literature. Voluntary Reading. 9.Approaches to Teaching Reading. Changing Approaches to Teaching Reading. Basal Approach. Literature-Based Approach. Individualized Reading/Reading Workshop. Language-Experience Approach. Whole Language. An Integrated Approach. 10.Writing and Reading. The Roots of Writing. The Process Approach to Writing. Writing Workshop. Interpersonal Writing. Teaching Writer's Craft. Keeping Track. Technology and Writing. Reading Helps Writing. A Full Menu. 11.Diversity in the Classroom. Teaching All Students. Students at Risk. Students with Disabilities. Gifted and Talented. Inclusion. Intervention Programs. Building Literacy: A Classroom Intervention Program. 12.Evaluation. The Nature of Evaluation. Placement Information. Norm-Referenced versus Criterion-Referenced Tests. Judging Assessment Measures. Reporting Performance. Functional Level Assessment. Other Methods of Assessment. Self-Evaluation. Evaluating Writing. Portfolios. 13.Constructing and Managing a Literacy Program. Constructing a Literacy Program. Managing a Literacy Program. Literacy and Technology. Literacy in Today's and Tomorrow's World. Professional Development. Appendix A: Graded Listing of 500 Children's Books. Appendix B: Informal Assessment of Key Skills and Strategies. References. Professional. Children's Books and Periodicals. Index. Word Pattern Survey. Syllable Survey.
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