Dynamic physical education for elementary school children


Dynamic physical education for elementary school children

Robert P. Pangrazi

Allyn and Bacon, c2001

13th ed

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 2



Includes bibliographical references and indexes



Updated to incorporate current standards and recommendations, "the bible" of elementary P.E. continues to provide the best combination of theoretical framework and hands-on activities available. Dynamic Physical Education for Elementary School Children provides prospective teachers with the tools necessary to ensure success in today's educational environment. Whether starting a new program, restructuring an established one, or working with a team in an existing system, DPE is a valuable pre-service and in-service tool. The thirteenth edition integrates the National Standards for Physical Education and addresses new recommendations designed to increase the activity levels of children and improve their overall fitness levels.


Each chapter concludes with "References and Suggested Readings." Part I. INSTRUCTION AND PROGRAM IMPLEMENTATION. Section 1. Understanding the Need for Physical Education. 1. Elementary School Physical Education. The Evolution of Elementary School Physical Education. Content Standards for Physical Education. Essential Components of a Quality Program. 2. Physical Activity for Children. The Need for Physical Activity. The Growing Child. Children in Sport Activities. Physical Education and Intellectual Development. Guidelines for Exercising Children Safely. Section 2. The Instructional Process. 3. Planning for Quality Instruction. Choose from a Variety of Teaching Styles. Optimize Skill Learning. Integrate Mechanical Principles into Instruction. Consider the Learning Environment. Choose an Instructional Formation. Design a Lesson Plan Format. 4. Improving Instructional Effectiveness. Characteristics of a Quality Lesson. Incorporate Essential Elements of Instruction. Provide Instructional Feedback. Consider the Personal Needs of Students. Employ Effective Communication Skills. 5. Management and Discipline. A Well-Managed Class. Develop Effective Class Management Skills. Teaching Responsible Student Behavior. Prevent Behavior Problems. Maintain and Increase Desirable Behavior. Decrease Undesirable Behavior. Use Criticism Sparingly. Make Punishment a Last Resort. Expulsion: Legal Considerations. 6. Evaluation. Evaluation: Process or Product? Assessing Performance Outcomes. Grading. Self-Evaluating Instructional Effectiveness. Evaluating Your Program. 7. Children with Disabilities. Screening and Assessment. Developing an IEP. Creating the Least Restrictive Environment. Generating Parental Support. Examples of Nationally Validated Programs. Modifying Activities for Inclusion. Understanding Specific Disabilities. Designing Programs for Children with Special Needs. Section 3. Program Implementation. 8. Curriculum Development. Designing a Quality Curriculum. 9. Legal Liability, Supervision, and Safety. Torts. Negligence and Liability. Types of Negligence. Common Defenses against Negligence. Areas of Responsibility. Equipment and Facilities. The Sports Program. Safety. Personal Protection: Minimizing the Effects of a Lawsuit. 10. Facilities, Equipment, and Supplies. Outdoor Facilities. Safety on the Playground. Outdoor Apparatus and Equipment. Indoor Facilities. Equipment and Supplies. Purchasing Policies. Indoor Equipment. Equipment and Supplies for Physical Education. Storage Plans. Care, Repair, and Marking. Constructing Equipment and Supplies. 11. Subject Matter Integration and Rainy Day Activities. Subject Matter Integration. Rainy Day Activity. Fitness Development. Skill Development Activities. Games and Relays. Part II. TEACHING THE OBJECTIVES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Section 4. Personal Health Skills. 12. Physical Activity and Fitness. What Is Physical Fitness? How Much Physical Activity? What Type of Activity? Are Today's Children Fit? Fitness Testing. Create Positive Attitudes toward Activity. Promote Physical Fitness and Activity. Avoid Harmful Practices and Exercises. Implement a Yearlong Fitness Plan. Develop Quality Fitness Routines. Fitness Activities for Developmental Level I. Fitness Activities for Developmental Levels II and III. 13. Wellness: Developing a Healthy Lifestyle. Teaching Wellness in the Physical Education Setting. Instructional Strategies for Teaching Wellness. Leading Discussion Sessions. Understanding the Body and How It Functions. Understanding Lifestyle Alternatives. Section 5. Fundamental Motor Skills. 14.Movement Concepts and Themes. Classification of Human Movement Concepts. Designing Movement Themes. Teaching Movement Themes. 15. Fundamental Motor Skills. Fundamental Skills. Locomotor Skills. Nonlocomotor Skills. Manipulative Skills. 16. Introductory Activities: Applying Fundamental Motor Skills. European Rhythmic Running. Gross Motor Movements. Creative and Exploratory Opportunities. Tambourine-Directed Activities. Games and Miscellaneous Activities. 17. Manipulative Skills. Progression and Movement Themes. Activities with Balls and Beach Balls. Activities with Beanbags. Activities with Balls. Juggling. Activities with Scoops and Balls. Bowling Activities. Activities with Paddles and Balls. Activities with Frisbees (Flying Disks). Activities with Wands. Activities with Hoops. Activities with Jump Ropes. Movements Guided by Rope Patterns. Long-Rope Jumping. Double Dutch (Two-Rope) Jumping. Individual Rope Jumping. Footbag Activities. Rhythmic Gymnastics. Section 6. Specialized Motor Skills. 18. Body Management Skills. Return Activities. Safe Use of Apparatus. Activities with Climbing Ropes. Activities on Balance Beams. Activities on Benches. Activities with Jumping Boxes. Activities with Horizontal Ladders. Activities on the Exercise Bar (Low Horizontal Bar). Activities with Parachutes. Activities with Individual Mats. Activities with Magic Ropes. Activities with Partner Tug-of-War Ropes. Activities with Gym Scooters. 19. Rhythmic Movement Skills. Implementing the Rhythmic Movement Program. Fundamental Rhythms. Creative Rhythms. Folk Dances. Progression of Folk Dances. Developmental Level I Dances. Developmental Level II Dances. Developmental Level III Dances. Introductory Square Dance. Culminating Events for the Rhythms Unit. 20. Gymnastic Skills. Progression and Developmental Level Placement. Instructional Methodology for Gymnastics. Safety Considerations. Instructional Procedures. Developmental Level I Activities. Developmental Level II Activities. Developmental Level III Activities. 21. Relay and Personal Challenge Skills. Relays. Relays for Developmental Levels II and III. Personal Challenge Activities. 22. Games Skills. Evaluating Games. Creating or Modifying Games. Cooperation and Competition. Safety. Teaching Games Effectively. Selection of Games. Developmental Level I. Developmental Level II. Developmental Level III. Section 7. Sport Skills. 23. Basketball. Instructional Emphasis and Sequence. Basketball Skills. Instructional Procedures. Basic Basketball Rules. Basketball Drills. Basketball Activities. Basketball Skill Tests. 24. Football. Instructional Emphasis and Sequence. Football Skills. Instructional Procedures. Football Drills. Football Activities. Football Skill Tests. Flag Football Formations. 25. Hockey. Instructional Emphasis and Sequence. Hockey Skills. Instructional Procedures. Hockey Drills. Hockey Activities. Hockey Skill Tests. 26. Soccer. Modifications of Soccer for Children. Instructional Emphasis and Sequence. Soccer Skills. Instructional Procedures. Soccer Drills. Basic Soccer Rules for Lead-Up Games. Soccer Activities. Soccer Skill Tests. 27. Softball. Instructional Emphasis and Sequence. Softball Skills. Instructional Procedures. Organizing for Instruction. Basic Softball Rules. Softball Drills. Softball Activities. Softball Skill Tests. 28. Track, Field, and Cross-Country Running. Instructional Emphasis and Sequence. Track and Field Skills. Running. Instructional Procedures. Organizing for Instruction. Track and Field Drills and Activities. Suggested Track Facility. Conducting Track and Field Days. Cross-Country Running. Cross-Country Meets. 29. Volleyball. Instructional Emphasis and Sequence. Volleyball Skills. Instructional Procedures. Organizing for Instruction. Basic Volleyball Rules. Volleyball Activities. Volleyball Skill Tests. Appendix: Outcomes and National Content Standards for Physical Education.

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