The architecture of Roman temples : the republic to the middle empire


The architecture of Roman temples : the republic to the middle empire

John W. Stamper

Cambridge University Press, 2005

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Includes bibliographical references and index



This book examines the development of Roman temple architecture from its earliest history in the sixth century BC to the reigns of Hadrian and the Antonines in the second century AD. Although archaeologists, architects, and historians have studied the temples of this period since the Renaissance, this book is unique for its specific analysis of Roman temples as a building type. John Stamper analyzes their formal qualities, the public spaces in which they were located and, most importantly, the authority of precedent in their designs. The basis of that authority was the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus, the city's first and most important temple. Stamper challenges the accepted reconstruction of this temple, proposing a new reconstruction, and assessing its role in the transformation of Rome. He also traces Rome's temple architecture as it evolved over time and how it accommodated changing political and religious contexts, as well as the effects of new stylistic influences.


  • Introduction: the authority of precedent
  • 1. Building the Temple of Jupiter Capitolinus
  • 2. A new reconstruction of the temple
  • 3. Etrusco-Roman temples of the Early Republic
  • 4. Assimilation of Hellenistic architecture after the Punic Wars
  • 5. The Corinthian Order in the First Century B.C.
  • 6. Architecture and ceremony in the time of Pompey and Julius Caesar
  • 7. Rebuilding Rome in the time of Augustus
  • 8. Augustus and the Temple of Mars Ultor
  • 9. Temples and fora of the Flavian Emperors
  • 10. Trajan's Forum
  • 11. Hadrian's Pantheon
  • 12. Hadrian and the Antonines.

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