Neurobiology of attention



Neurobiology of attention

edited by Laurent Itti, Geraint Rees, John K. Tsotsos

Elsevier Academic Press, c2005

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 24



Includes bibliographical references and index



A key property of neural processing in higher mammals is the ability to focus resources by selectively directing attention to relevant perceptions, thoughts or actions. Research into attention has grown rapidly over the past two decades, as new techniques have become available to study higher brain function in humans, non-human primates, and other mammals. Neurobiology of Attention is the first encyclopedic volume to summarize the latest developments in attention research. An authoritative collection of over 100 chapters organized into thematic sections provides both broad coverage and access to focused, up-to-date research findings. This book presents a state-of-the-art multidisciplinary perspective on psychological, physiological and computational approaches to understanding the neurobiology of attention. Ideal for students, as a reference handbook or for rapid browsing, the book has a wide appeal to anybody interested in attention research.


I: FOUNDATIONS Chapter 1: Computational Foundations for Attentive Processes Chapter 2: Capacity Limits for Spatial Discrimination Chapter 3: Directed Visual Attention and the Dynamic Control of Information Flow Chapter 4: Selective Attention as an Optimal Computational Strategy Chapter 5: Surprise: A Shortcut for Attention? Chapter 6: A Heteromodal Large-Scale Network for Spatial Attention Chapter 7: Parietal Mechanisms of Attentional Control: Locations, Features, and Objects Chapter 8: Visual Cortical Circuits and Spatial Attention Chapter 9: Psychopharmacology of Human Attention Chapter 10: Neuropharmacology of Attention Chapter 11: Identifying the Neural Systems of Top-Down Attentional Control: A Meta-analytic Approach Chapter 12: Attention Capture: The Interplay of Expectations, Attention, and Awareness Chapter 13: Change Blindness Chapter 14: Development of Covert Orienting in Young Infants Chapter 15: Prior Entry Chapter 16: Inhibition of Return Chapter 17: Guidance of Visual Search by Preattentive Information Chapter 18: The Top in Top-Down Attention Chapter 19: Allocation of Attention in Three-Dimensional Space Chapter 20: Covert Attention and Saccadic Eye Movements Chapter 21: Prefrontal Selection and Control of Covert and Overt Orienting Chapter 22: Dissociation of Selection from Saccade Programming Chapter 23: Space- and Object-Based Attention Chapter 24: Attention and Binding Chapter 25: Top-Down Facilitation of Visual Object Recognition Chapter 26: Spatial Processing of Environmental Representations Chapter 27: Decision and Attention Chapter 28: Visual Attention and Emotional Perception Chapter 29: The Difference between Visual Attention and Awareness: A Cognitive Neuroscience Perspective Chapter 30: Reaching Affects Saccade Trajectories Chapter 31: The Premotor Theory of Attention Chapter 32: Cross-Modal Consequences of Human Spatial Attention Chapter 33: Attention and Scene Understanding II: FUNCTIONS Chapter 34: Visual Search and Popout in Infancy Chapter 35: Attention in Conditioning Chapter 36: Electrophysiology of Reflexive Attention Chapter 37: Natural Scene Statistics and Salient Visual Features Chapter 38: Salience of Feature Contrast Chapter 39: Stimulus-Driven Guidance of Visual Attention in Natural Scenes Chapter 40: Contextual Guidance of Visual Attention Chapter 41: Gist of the Scene Chapter 42: Temporal Orienting of Attention Chapter 43: Visual Search: The Role of Memory for Rejected Distractors Chapter 44: The Neuropsychology of Visual Feature Binding Chapter 45: Visual Saliency and Spike Timing in the Ventral Visual Pathway Chapter 46: Object Recognition in Cortex: Neural Mechanisms, and Possible Roles for Attention Chapter 47: Binding Contour Segments into Spatially Extended Objects Chapter 48: Scanpath Theory, Attention, and Image Processing Algorithms for Predicting Human Eye Fixations Chapter 49: The Feature Similarity Gain Model of Attention: Unifying Multiplicative Effects of Spatial and Feature-based Attention Chapter 50: Biasing Competition in Human Visual Cortex Chapter 51: Nonsensory Signals in Early Visual Cortex Chapter 52: Effects of Attention on Auditory Perceptual Organization Chapter 53: Attention in Language Chapter 54: Attention and Spatial Language Chapter 55: The Sustained Attention to Response Test (SART) Chapter 56: ERP Measures of Multiple Attention Deficits Following Prefrontal Damage Chapter 57: Nonspatially Lateralized Mechanisms in Hemispatial Neglect Chapter 58: Visual Extinction and Hemispatial Neglect after Brain Damage: Neurophysiological Basis of Residual Processing Chapter 59: Attention in Split-Brain Patients Chapter 60: Divided Attention in the Normal and the Split Brain: Chronometry and Imaging III: MECHANISMS Chapter 61: Neurophysiological Correlates of the Attentional Spotlight Chapter 62: Spatially-Specific Attentional Modulation Revealed by fMRI Chapter 63: The Neural Basis of the Attentional Blink Chapter 64: Neurophysiological Correlates of the Reflexive Orienting of Spatial Attention Chapter 65: Specifying the Components of Attention in a Visual Search Task Chapter 66: Neural Evidence for Object-based Attention Chapter 67: Location- or Feature-based Targeting of Spatial Attention Chapter 68: Dimension-based Attention in Pop-out Search Chapter 69: Irrelevant Singletons Capture Attention Chapter 70: Attentional Modulation of Apparent Stimulus Contrast Chapter 71: Attentional Suppression Early in the Macaque Visual System Chapter 72: Attentional Modulation in the Human Lateral Geniculate Nucleus and Pulvinar Chapter 73: Transient Covert Attention Increases Contrast Sensitivity and Spatial Resolution: Support for Signal Enhancement Chapter 74: External Noise Distinguishes Mechanisms of Attention Chapter 75: Attentional Modulation and Changes in Effective Connectivity Chapter 76: Attentional Modulation of Surround Inhibition Chapter 77: Attentional Processes in Texture Perception Chapter 78: Mechanisms of Perceptual Learning Chapter 79: Lateral Interactions between Targets and Flankers Require Attention Chapter 80: Attention and Changes in Neural Selectivity Chapter 81: Attentional Effects on Motion Processing Chapter 82: ERP Studies of Selective Attention to Nonspatial Features Chapter 83: Effects of Attention on Figure-Ground Responses in the Primary Visual Cortex during Working Memory Chapter 84: Electrophysiological and Neuroimaging Approaches to the Study of Visual Attention Chapter 85: The Timing of Attentional Modulation of Visual Processing as Indexed by ERPs Chapter 86: Selective Visual Attention Modulates Oscillatory Neuronal Synchronization Chapter 87: Putative Role of Oscillations and Synchrony in Cortical Signal Processing and Attention Chapter 88: Attention to Tactile Stimuli Increases Neural Synchrony in Somatosensory Cortex Chapter 89: Crossmodal Attention in Event Perception IV: SYSTEMS Chapter 90: The FeatureGate Model of Visual Selection Chapter 91: Probabilistic Models of Attention Based on Iconic Representations and Predictive Coding Chapter 92: The Selective Tuning Model for Visual Attention Chapter 93: The Primary Visual Cortex Creates a Bottom-up Saliency Map Chapter 94: Models of Bottom-up Attention and Saliency Chapter 95: Saliency in Computer Vision Chapter 96: Contextual Influences on Saliency Chapter 97: A Neurodynamical Model of Visual Attention Chapter 98: How the Detection of Objects in Natural Scenes Constrains Attention in Time Chapter 99: Memory-Driven Visual Attention: An Emergent Behavior of Map-Seeking Circuits Chapter 100: The Role of Short-Term Memory in Visual Attention Chapter 101: Scene Segmentation through Synchronization Chapter 102: Attentive Wide-Field Sensing for Visual Telepresence and Surveillance Chapter 103: Neuromorphic Selective Attention Systems Chapter 104: The Role of Visual Attention in the Control of Locomotion Chapter 105: Attention Architectures for Machine Vision and Mobile Robots Chapter 106: Attention for Computer Graphics Rendering Chapter 107: Linking Attention to Learning, Expectation, Competition, and Consciousness Chapter 108: Attention-Guided Recognition Based on "What" and "Where": Representations: A Behavioral Model Chapter 109: A Model of Attention and Recognition by Information Maximization Index

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  • ISBN
    • 0123757312
  • LCCN
  • 出版国コード
  • タイトル言語コード
  • 本文言語コード
  • 出版地
    Amsterdam ; Tokyo
  • ページ数/冊数
    xlv, 696 p.
  • 大きさ
    29 cm
  • 分類
  • 件名