Impedance spectroscopy : theory, experiment, and applications
Impedance spectroscopy : theory, experiment, and applications
大学図書館所蔵 件 / 全43件
Includes bibliographical references(p.541-581) and index
A skillful balance of theoretical considerations and practical know-how Backed by a team of expert contributors, the Second Edition of this highly acclaimed publication brings a solid understanding of impedance spectroscopy to students, researchers, and engineers in physical chemistry, electrochemistry, and physics. Starting with general principles, the book moves on to explain in detail practical applications for the characterization of materials in electrochemistry, semiconductors, solid electrolytes, corrosion, solid-state devices, and electrochemical power sources. The book covers all of the topics needed to help readers identify whether impedance spectroscopy may be an appropriate method for their particular research problem. The book helps readers quickly grasp how to apply their new knowledge of impedance spectroscopy methods to their own research problems through the use of unique features such as: Step-by-step instructions for setting up experiments and then analyzing the results Theoretical considerations for dealing with modeling, equivalent circuits, and equations in the complex domain Best measurement methods for particular systems and alerts to potential sources of errors Equations for the most widely used impedance models Figures depicting impedance spectra of typical materials and devices Extensive references to the scientific literature for more information on particular topics and current research This Second Edition incorporates the results of the last two decades of research on the theories and applications of impedance spectroscopy. Most notably, it includes new chapters on batteries, supercapacitors, fuel cells, and photochromic materials. A new chapter on commercially available measurement systems reflects the emergence of impedance spectroscopy as a mainstream research tool. With its balanced focus on both theory and practical problem solving, Impedance Spectroscopy: Theory, Experiment, and Applications, Second Edition serves as an excellent graduate-level textbook as well as a hands-on guide and reference for researchers and engineers.
Preface. Preface to the First Edition. Contributors. Contributors to the First Edition. Chapter 1. Fundamentals of Impedance Spectroscopy (J.Ross Macdonald and William B. Johnson). 1.1. Background, Basic Definitions, and History. 1.1.1 The Importance of Interfaces. 1.1.2 The Basic Impedance Spectroscopy Experiment. 1.1.3 Response to a Small-Signal Stimulus in the Frequency Domain. 1.1.4 Impedance-Related Functions. 1.1.5 Early History. 1.2. Advantages and Limitations. 1.2.1 Differences Between Solid State and Aqueous Electrochemistry. 1.3. Elementary Analysis of Impedance Spectra. 1.3.1 Physical Models for Equivalent Circuit Elements. 1.3.2 Simple RC Circuits. 1.3.3 Analysis of Single Impedance Arcs. 1.4. Selected Applications of IS. Chapter 2. Theory (Ian D. Raistrick, Donald R. Franceschetti, and J. Ross Macdonald). 2.1. The Electrical Analogs of Physical and Chemical Processes. 2.1.1 Introduction. 2.1.2 The Electrical Properties of Bulk Homogeneous Phases. 22.214.171.124 Introduction. 126.96.36.199 Dielectric Relaxation in Materials with a Single Time Constant. 188.8.131.52 Distributions of Relaxation Times. 184.108.40.206 Conductivity and Diffusion in Electrolytes. 220.127.116.11 Conductivity and Diffusion a Statistical Description. 18.104.22.168 Migration in the Absence of Concentration Gradients. 22.214.171.124 Transport in Disordered Media. 2.1.3 Mass and Charge Transport in the Presence of Concentration Gradients. 126.96.36.199 Diffusion. 188.8.131.52 Mixed Electronic Ionic Conductors. 184.108.40.206 Concentration Polarization. 2.1.4 Interfaces and Boundary Conditions. 220.127.116.11 Reversible and Irreversible Interfaces. 18.104.22.168 Polarizable Electrodes. 22.214.171.124 Adsorption at the Electrode Electrolyte Interface. 126.96.36.199 Charge Transfer at the Electrode Electrolyte Interface. 2.1.5 Grain Boundary Effects. 2.1.6 Current Distribution, Porous and Rough Electrodes the Effect of Geometry. 188.8.131.52 Current Distribution Problems. 184.108.40.206 Rough and Porous Electrodes. 2.2. Physical and Electrochemical Models. 2.2.1 The Modeling of Electrochemical Systems. 2.2.2 Equivalent Circuits. 220.127.116.11 Unification of Immitance Responses. 18.104.22.168 Distributed Circuit Elements. 22.214.171.124 Ambiguous Circuits. 2.2.3 Modeling Results. 126.96.36.199 Introduction. 188.8.131.52 Supported Situations. 184.108.40.206 Unsupported Situations: Theoretical Models. 220.127.116.11 Unsupported Situations: Equivalent Network Models. 18.104.22.168 Unsupported Situations: Empirical and Semiempirical Models. Chapter 3. Measuring Techniques and Data Analysis. 3.1. Impedance Measurement Techniques (Michael C. H. McKubre and Digby D. Macdonald). 3.1.1 Introduction. 3.1.2 Frequency Domain Methods. 22.214.171.124 Audio Frequency Bridges. 126.96.36.199 Transformer Ratio Arm Bridges. 188.8.131.52 Berberian Cole Bridge. 184.108.40.206 Considerations of Potentiostatic Control. 220.127.116.11 Oscilloscopic Methods for Direct Measurement. 18.104.22.168 Phase-Sensitive Detection for Direct Measurement. 22.214.171.124 Automated Frequency Response Analysis. 126.96.36.199 Automated Impedance Analyzers. 188.8.131.52 The Use of Kramers Kronig Transforms. 184.108.40.206 Spectrum Analyzers. 3.1.3 Time Domain Methods. 220.127.116.11 Introduction. 18.104.22.168 Analog-to-Digital (A/D) Conversion. 22.214.171.124 Computer Interfacing. 126.96.36.199 Digital Signal Processing. 3.1.4 Conclusions. 3.2. Commercially Available Impedance Measurement Systems (Brian Sayers). 3.2.1 Electrochemical Impedance Measurement Systems. 188.8.131.52 System Configuration. 184.108.40.206 Why Use a Potentiostat? 220.127.116.11 Measurements Using 2, 3 or 4-Terminal Techniques. 18.104.22.168 Measurement Resolution and Accuracy. 22.214.171.124 Single Sine and FFT Measurement Techniques. 126.96.36.199 Multielectrode Techniques. 188.8.131.52 Effects of Connections and Input Impedance. 184.108.40.206 Verification of Measurement Performance. 220.127.116.11 Floating Measurement Techniques. 18.104.22.168 Multichannel Techniques. 3.2.2 Materials Impedance Measurement Systems. 22.214.171.124 System Configuration. 126.96.36.199 Measurement of Low Impedance Materials. 188.8.131.52 Measurement of High Impedance Materials. 184.108.40.206 Reference Techniques. 220.127.116.11 Normalization Techniques. 18.104.22.168 High Voltage Measurement Techniques. 22.214.171.124 Temperature Control. 126.96.36.199 Sample Holder Considerations. 3.3. Data Analysis (J. Ross Macdonald). 3.3.1 Data Presentation and Adjustment. 188.8.131.52 Previous Approaches. 184.108.40.206 Three-Dimensional Perspective Plotting. 220.127.116.11 Treatment of Anomalies. 3.3.2 Data Analysis Methods. 18.104.22.168 Simple Methods. 22.214.171.124 Complex Nonlinear Least Squares. 126.96.36.199 Weighting. 188.8.131.52 Which Impedance-Related Function to Fit? 184.108.40.206 The Question of What to Fit Revisited. 220.127.116.11 Deconvolution Approaches. 18.104.22.168 Examples of CNLS Fitting. 22.214.171.124 Summary and Simple Characterization Example. Chapter 4. Applications of Impedance Spectroscopy. 4.1. Characterization of Materials (N. Bonanos, B. C. H. Steele, and E. P. Butler). 4.1.1 Microstructural Models for Impedance Spectra of Materials. 126.96.36.199 Introduction. 188.8.131.52 Layer Models. 184.108.40.206 Effective Medium Models. 220.127.116.11 Modeling of Composite Electrodes. 4.1.2 Experimental Techniques. 18.104.22.168 Introduction. 22.214.171.124 Measurement Systems. 126.96.36.199 Sample Preparation Electrodes. 188.8.131.52 Problems Associated With the Measurement of Electrode Properties. 4.1.3 Interpretation of the Impedance Spectra of Ionic Conductors and Interfaces. 184.108.40.206 Introduction. 220.127.116.11 Characterization of Grain Boundaries by IS. 18.104.22.168 Characterization of Two-Phase Dispersions by IS. 22.214.171.124 Impedance Spectra of Unusual Two-phase Systems. 126.96.36.199 Impedance Spectra of Composite Electrodes. 188.8.131.52 Closing Remarks. 4.2. Characterization of the Electrical Response of High Resistivity Ionic and Dielectric Solid Materials by Immittance Spectroscopy (J. Ross Macdonald). 4.2.1 Introduction. 4.2.2 Types of Dispersive Response Models: Strengths and Weaknesses. 184.108.40.206 Overview. 220.127.116.11 Variable-slope Models. 18.104.22.168 Composite Models. 4.2.3 Illustration of Typical Data Fitting Results for an Ionic Conductor. 4.3. Solid State Devices (William B. Johnson and Wayne L. Worrell). 4.3.1 Electrolyte Insulator Semiconductor (EIS) Sensors. 4.3.2 Solid Electrolyte Chemical Sensors. 4.3.3 Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells. 4.3.4 Impedance Response of Electrochromic Materials and Devices (Gunnar A. Niklasson, Anna Karin Johsson, and Maria Stromme). 22.214.171.124 Introduction. 126.96.36.199 Materials. 188.8.131.52 Experimental Techniques. 184.108.40.206 Experimental Results on Single Materials. 220.127.116.11 Experimental Results on Electrochromic Devices. 18.104.22.168 Conclusions and Outlook. 4.3.5 Time-Resolved Photocurrent Generation (Albert Goossens). 22.214.171.124 Introduction Semiconductors. 126.96.36.199 Steady-State Photocurrents. 188.8.131.52 Time-of-Flight. 184.108.40.206 Intensity-Modulated Photocurrent Spectroscopy. 220.127.116.11 Final Remarks. 4.4. Corrosion of Materials (Digby D. Macdonald and Michael C. H. McKubre). 4.4.1 Introduction. 4.4.2 Fundamentals. 4.4.3 Measurement of Corrosion Rate. 4.4.4 Harmonic Analysis. 4.4.5 Kramer Kronig Transforms. 4.4.6 Corrosion Mechanisms. 18.104.22.168 Active Dissolution. 22.214.171.124 Active Passive Transition. 126.96.36.199 The Passive State. 4.4.7 Point Defect Model of the Passive State (Digby D. Macdonald). 188.8.131.52 Introduction. 184.108.40.206 Point Defect Model. 220.127.116.11 Electrochemical Impedance Spectroscopy. 18.104.22.168 Bilayer Passive Films. 4.4.8 Equivalent Circuit Analysis (Digby D. Macdonald and Michael C. H. McKubre). 22.214.171.124 Coatings. 4.4.9 Other Impedance Techniques. 126.96.36.199 Electrochemical Hydrodynamic Impedance (EHI). 188.8.131.52 Fracture Transfer Function (FTF). 184.108.40.206 Electrochemical Mechanical Impedance. 4.5. Electrochemical Power Sources. 4.5.1 Special Aspects of Impedance Modeling of Power Sources (Evgenij Barsoukov). 220.127.116.11 Intrinsic Relation Between Impedance Properties and Power Sources Performance. 18.104.22.168 Linear Time-Domain Modeling Based on Impedance Models, Laplace Transform. 22.214.171.124 Expressing Model Parameters in Electrical Terms, Limiting Resistances and Capacitances of Distributed Elements. 126.96.36.199 Discretization of Distributed Elements, Augmenting Equivalent Circuits. 188.8.131.52 Nonlinear Time-Domain Modeling of Power Sources Based on Impedance Models. 184.108.40.206 Special Kinds of Impedance Measurement Possible with Power Sources Passive Load Excitation and Load Interrupt. 4.5.2 Batteries (Evgenij Barsoukov). 220.127.116.11 Generic Approach to Battery Impedance Modeling. 18.104.22.168 Lead Acid Batteries. 22.214.171.124 Nickel Cadmium Batteries. 126.96.36.199 Nickel Metal-hydride Batteries. 188.8.131.52 Li-ion Batteries. 4.5.3 Impedance Behavior of Electrochemical Supercapacitors and Porous Electrodes (Brian E. Conway). 184.108.40.206 Introduction. 220.127.116.11 The Time Factor in Capacitance Charge or Discharge. 18.104.22.168 Nyquist (or Argand) Complex-Plane Plots for Representation of Impedance Behavior. 22.214.171.124 Bode Plots of Impedance Parameters for Capacitors. 126.96.36.199 Hierarchy of Equivalent Circuits and Representation of Electrochemical Capacitor Behavior. 188.8.131.52 Impedance and Voltammetry Behavior of Brush Electrode Models of Porous Electrodes. 184.108.40.206 Impedance Behavior of Supercapacitors Based on Pseudocapacitance. 220.127.116.11 Deviations of Double-layer Capacitance from Ideal Behavior: Representation by a Constant-phase Element (CPE). 4.5.4 Fuel Cells (Norbert Wagner). 18.104.22.168 Introduction. 22.214.171.124 Alkaline Fuel Cells (AFC). 126.96.36.199 Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cells (PEFC). 188.8.131.52 Solid Oxide Fuel Cells (SOFC). Appendix. Abbreviations and Definitions of Models. References. Index.
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