Wellington Sears handbook of industrial textiles


    • Adanur, Sabit


Wellington Sears handbook of industrial textiles

Sabit Adanur

Technomic Pub., c1995

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 3



Includes bibliographical references and index



The Wellington Sears Handbook of Industrial Textiles has been a widely used textile industry reference for more than 50 years. Now a completely updated new edition has been published. It was prepared by a team of industrial textile specialists at Auburn University to provide both technical and management personnel with a comprehensive resource on the current technology and applications of today's industrial textiles. All aspects of industrial textiles are covered: man-made and natural materials, manufacturing and finishing methods, and all applications. There are also sections on properties, testing, waste management, computers and automation, and standards and regulations. The appendices provide extensive reference data: properties, specifications, manufacturers and trade names, mathematical equations and measurement units. The text is organized for easy reference, and well illustrated with hundreds of schematics and photographs.


Foreword/Preface/Introduction OVERVIEW OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES Overview of Industrial Textiles POLYMERS AND FIBERS Fiber Forming Polymers Natural and Man-Made Fibers FIBER AND YARN MANUFACTURING Manufacture of Man-Made Fibers Manufacture of Continuous Filament Yarns Manufacture of Staple Yarns FABRIC MANUFACTURING Classification of Fabrics Yarn Preparation Slashing Weaving Knitting Braiding and Narrow Fabrics Tufting Nonwoven Fabrics FABRIC FINISHING AND COATING Dyeing, Printing and Finishing Coating and Laminating ARCHITECTURAL AND CONSTRUCTION TEXTILES Fabrics for Architecture and Construction Applications of Coated Fabrics in Building Structures Awnings and Canopies Textiles as Roofing Materials Storage Vessels Fiber Reinforced Concrete and Cement Textiles for Acoustic and Heat Insulation TEXTILE STRUCTURAL COMPOSITES Textile Composite Materials Classification of Textile Reinforcement Structures Manufacture of Textile Preforms Composite Manufacturing Composite Properties and Testing Designing with Composites Applications of Textile Structural Composites Future of Textile Structural Composites FILTRATION TEXTILES Introduction Principles of Filtration Filtration Equipment Textiles in Dry Filtration Textiles in Liquid Filtration Designing for Filtration Testing GEOTEXTILES Introduction Geotextile Materials and Manufacturing Geotextile Properties and Testing Geotextile Functions Designing with Geotextiles Application Examples of Geotextiles Geotextiles Market Geosynthetics MEDICAL TEXTILES Introduction Materials Used in Biotextiles Classification of Medical Textiles Textiles for Implantation Non-Implantable Textiles Textiles for Extracorporeal (Biomedical) Devices Healthcare and Hygiene Products MILITARY AND DEFENSE TEXTILES Introduction Protective Clothing and Individual Equipment Textiles Used in Defense Systems and Weapons Other Applications PAPER MACHINE CLOTHING Introduction Paper Machines and Papermaking Process Forming Fabrics o Press Felts Dryer Fabrics Current and Future Trends in Paper Machine Clothing SAFETY AND PROTECTIVE TEXTILES Introduction High Temperature Textiles Flame Resistant Protective Clothing Chemical Protective Clothing (CPC) Mechanical Protection Electrical Protective Clothing Clean Room Textiles Radiation Protection Thermal Insulation (Protection from Cold) High Visibility Textiles Metallized Fabrics Space Suits SPORTS AND RECREATION TEXTILES Introduction Sports Uniforms Camping and Hiking Baseball o Tennis Football Golf and Hockey Equipment Skates o Bikes o Marine Products Textiles in Sports Surfaces Hot-Air Ballooning Fabrics for Children Fun and Play Other Fibers and Fabrics TRANSPORTATION TEXTILES Introduction Tires Airbags Seat Belts Automotive Interior Trim Automotive Exterior Trim Truck and Car Covers Belts, Hoses and Filters in Cars Textiles for Aircrafts Textiles as Structural Elements in Transport Vehicles Inflatable Products Used in Transportation GENERAL INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES Textiles in Agriculture Textiles in Electronics Banners and Flags Textile Reinforced Products Transport Bags and Sheets Fabrics to Control Oil Spills Canvas Covers and Tarpaulins Ropes and Nets Home and Office Furnishings Miscellaneous Applications FIBER PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY Refractive Index Density (Specific Gravity) of Fiber Fineness and Diameters Fiber Strength and Tenacity Fiber Breaking o Elongation Fiber Load-Elongation Diagrams Viscoelasticity Elastic Modulus Toughness or Energy Absorption Elongation-Recovery Properties Rate of Recovery Properties Bending, Compression, Shear and Torsion Strains Loop Strength Knot Strength Friction Abrasion and Wear Resistance Moisture Absorption Properties Fiber Swelling Properties Wet Fiber Strengths Wet Fiber Breaking Elongations Effect of Relative Humidity on Tenacity-Elongation Diagrams Thermal Properties of Fibers Effect of Heat on the Tensile Properties of Fibers Fiber Flammability Resistance of Fibers to Mildew, Aging, Sunlight and Abrasion Chemical Resistance of Fibers Electrostatic Properties of Fibers Electrical Resistivity NOMENCLATURE, PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY Yarn Number Systems Yarn Twist Direction Singles and Producer's Yarn Nomenclature Plied Yarn Nomenclature Yarn Twist Mathematics Twist Take-up Helix Angle versus Turns per Inch Yarn Stability Corkscrew Yarn Twist Multiplier for Spun Yarns Effect of Yarn Twist on Breaking Strength Yarn Breaking Strength and Elongation Tests Cotton Yarn Strength-Count Factor Yarn Twist Balance Relationship of Singles to Ply Twist FABRIC PROPERTIES AND TECHNOLOGY Fabric Geometry Yarn Count and Cover Factor Fabric Density, Packing Factor, and Porosity Yarn Crimp and Take-up Fabric Skew and Bow Fabric Weight Fabric Thickness Fabric Compressibility and Resilience Thermal Conductivity Air Permeability Moisture Vapor Transmission Water Repellency and Resistance Drying Rates and Drying Time Fabric Breaking Strength and Elongation Biaxial Stressing Bursting Strength Yarn and Fabric Elongation Balance Impact Properties Tear Strength and Energy Abrasion Resistance Stiffness Drape and Hand Crease Retention and Wrinkle Resistance Blended and Combination Fabrics TESTING Introduction Standard Test Methods and Standards Organizations Environmental Test Conditions Sampling and Quality Control Fiber Testing Sliver, Roving, and Yarn Evenness Tests Yarn Test Methods Tensile Testing of Yarns and Fabrics Fabric Test Methods AATCC Test Methods TEXTILE WASTE MANAGEMENT Textile Waste Management Introduction Waste Management Source Reduction Recycling Recycling of Industrial Textiles Energy Recovery Landfills COMPUTERS AND AUTOMATION IN TEXTILES Introduction Computer Technology Computer Aided Design (CAD) Computer Integrated Manufacturing (CIM) Expert Systems Network Systems Future STANDARDS AND REGULATIONS Introduction ISO 9000 Quality Standards Associations for Standards, Regulations, and Specifications 24.0 FUTURE OF INDUSTRIAL TEXTILES Introduction Smart Materials Conclusions APPENDICES Air, Tent, and Tensile Structures Fabric Specification Table Awnings and Canopies Fabric Specification Table Geotextile Fabric Properties Characteristics, Industrial Uses, and Manufacturers Of Major Generic Fibers and Trade Names Derivation of Mathematical Equations Measurement Units INDEX Each chapter also includes a section of references and review questions. 122 tables, 359 figures

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