James Rachels's philosophical writings address key questions of contemporary life and the classic dilemmas of moral philosophy. A leading figure in the development of applied ethics, James Rachels became an influential and sometimes controversial thinker on issues concerning animal rights, euthanasia, bioethics, and moral objectivity. This final collection of James Rachels's work brings together fourteen essays that best summarize Rachels's philosophical positions. The essays also shed new light on the depth and breadth of Rachels's work and its importance for contemporary philosophy. Written in Rachels's characteristically lucid, literary prose, these essays address the relationship between morality and reason, the duty to relieve both human and animal suffering, the independence of morality from religion, the rejection of relativism and egoism, and the role of ethics in a democratic society. Rachels offers an argument for vegetarianism, examines a controversial case involving a surrogate mother, and speculates on the ethics of political killing. Other essays range from Rachels's interpretation of Nietzsche's philosophy to his appreciation of movies.
Rachels was a strong believer in the ability of moral philosophy to improve our lives. This collection, which brings these important works together for the first time, is a testament to both the value of moral philosophy in understanding our world and the richness of Rachels's contributions to this understanding.
Table of Contents
Preface Acknowledgments Animals 1. The Basic Argument for Vegetarianism 2. Darwin, Species, and Morality 3. Drawing Lines Lives 4. The Value of Human Life 5. Killing and Starving to Death 6. Lives and Liberty (coauthored with William Ruddick) 7. Political Assassination Theories 8. The Legacy of Socrates 9. Nietzsche and the Objectivity of Morals 10. Two Arguments Against Ethical Egoism Bioethics 11. The Principle of Agency 12. Baby M 13. Ethical Theory and Bioethics Art 14. Movies Appendix: James Rachels' Curriculum Vitae Index
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