Bernard Williams is remembered as one of the most brilliant and original philosophers of the past fifty years. Widely respected as a moral philosopher, Williams began to write about politics in a sustained way in the early 1980s. There followed a stream of articles, lectures, and other major contributions to issues of public concern--all complemented by his many works on ethics, which have important implications for political theory. This new collection of essays, most of them previously unpublished, addresses many of the core subjects of political philosophy: justice, liberty, and equality; the nature and meaning of liberalism; toleration; power and the fear of power; democracy; and the nature of political philosophy itself. A central theme throughout is that political philosophers need to engage more directly with the realities of political life, not simply with the theories of other philosophers. Williams makes this argument in part through a searching examination of where political thinking should originate, to whom it might be addressed, and what it should deliver.
Williams had intended to weave these essays into a connected narrative on political philosophy with reflections on his own experience of postwar politics. Sadly he did not live to complete it, but this book brings together many of its components. Geoffrey Hawthorn has arranged the material to resemble as closely as possible Williams's original design and vision. He has provided both an introduction to Williams's political philosophy and a bibliography of his formal and informal writings on politics. Those who know the work of Bernard Williams will find here the familiar hallmarks of his writing--originality, clarity, erudition, and wit. Those who are unfamiliar with, or unconvinced by, a philosophical approach to politics, will find this an engaging introduction. Both will encounter a thoroughly original voice in modern political theory and a searching approach to the shape and direction of liberal political thought in the past thirty-five years.
Preface by Patricia Williams vii Introduction by Geoffrey Hawthorn xi CHAPTER ONE: Realism and Moralism in Political Theory 1 CHAPTER TWO: In the Beginning Was the Deed 18 CHAPTER THREE: Pluralism, Community and Left Wittgensteinianism 29 CHAPTER FOUR: Modernity and the Substance of Ethical Life 40 CHAPTER FIVE: The Liberalism of Fear 52 CHAPTER SIX: Human Rights and Relativism 62 CHAPTER SEVEN: From Freedom to Liberty: The Construction of a Political Value 75 CHAPTER EIGHT: The Idea of Equality 97 CHAPTER NINE: Con .icts of Liberty and Equality 115 CHAPTER TEN: Toleration, a Political or Moral Question? 128 CHAPTER ELEVEN: Censorship 139 CHAPTER TWELVE: Humanitarianism and the Right to Intervene 145 CHAPTER THIRTEEN: Truth, Politics, and Self-Deception 154 Bernard Williams:Writings of Political Interest 165 Index 171
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