Discovering the principles of mechanics 1600-1800


Discovering the principles of mechanics 1600-1800

essays by David Speiser ; K. Williams, S. Caparrini, editors

Birkhäuser, 2008

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Includes bibliographical references (p. [283]-314) and indexes



This book assembles 21 essays on the history of mechanics and mathematical physics written by David Speiser. Covering a period from the beginning of the seventeenth century to the eighteenth, the essays discuss developments in elasticity, rigid bodies, gravitation, the principle of relativity, optics, and first principles. They examine the work of Galileo, Huygens, Newton, Leibniz, the Bernoullis, Euler, Maupertuis, and Lambert.


Foreword.- Introduction.- The Beginning of the Theory of Elasticity from Galileo to Jacob Bernoulli.- The Second New Science in Galileo's Discorsi.- Huygens's Horologium Oscillatorium and Newton's Principia.- Newton's Principia.- The Science of Mechanics in the Eighteenth Century.- The Discovery of Rigid Body Dynamics.- Johann Bernoulli's Work on the Theory of Gravitation and the Weight of the Atmosphere.- The Kepler Problem from Newton to John Bernoulli.- Daniel Bernoulli.- Leonhard Euler: Mathematician, Physicist, Engineer.- The Principle of Relativity in Euler's Works.- Euler, the Principle of Relativity and the Fundamentals of Classical Mechanics.- Euler's Anleitungen zur Naturlehre.- Euler's Work in Physical Optics.- Euler's Writings on Optics, Elasticity and Magnetism.- The Distance of the Fixed Stars and the Riddle of the Sun's Radiation.- Johann Heinrich Lambert.- Pierre Louis Moreau de Maupertuis.- Editors's Notes.- References.- Illustration Credits.- Index of Names.- Index of Subjects

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