Courts, judges, & politics : an introduction to the judicial process

書誌事項

Courts, judges, & politics : an introduction to the judicial process

[edited by] Walter F. Murphy, C. Herman Pritchett, Lee Epstein, Jack Knight

McGraw-Hill, c2006

6th ed

  • softcover

タイトル別名

Courts, judges, and politics

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注記

Includes bibliographical references and indexes

内容説明・目次

内容説明

This classic reader has been a best selling component of the Judicial Process/Judicial Politics/American Legal System course for years. The sixth edition has been thoroughly updated while retaining the features that made it attractive for so long: its effective structure, thorough coverage, narrative voice, choice of excerpts, and teaching flexibility.

目次

Part I "The Nature" of Judging Chapter 1 Political Jurisprudence Civil and Common Law Systems Conceptualization of Law: School of Jurisprudence *The Institutionalization of Declaratory Theory *Emerging Challenges: Sociological Jurisprudence and Legal Realism *Contemporary Scholarship: The Debate Continues What Is to Come Readings: 1.1 Sir William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England 1.2 Alexander Hamilton, The Fedaralist, No. 78 1.3 Alexis de Tocqueville, Judicial Power in the United States 1.4 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr., The Path of the Law 1.5 Banjamin N. Cardozo, The Nature of the Judicial Process *1.6 Mary E. Becker, Obscuirng the Struggle: Sex Dsicrimination, Social Security, and Stone, Seidman, Sunstein, and Tushnet's Constituional Law Chapter 2 Courts in Constitutional Democracies The Origins of Courts The Roles of Courts The Expansion of Judicial Power? Selected References Readings: 2.1 Lynn Mather, The Fired Football Coach (Or, How Trial Courts Make Policy) 2.2 Marbury v. Madison (1803) 2.3 Eakin v. Raub (1825) 2.4 Robert A. Dahl, Decision Making in a Democracy: The Supreme Court as a National Policy Maker 2.5 D. Casper, The Supreme Court and National Policy Making Part II The American Legal System Chapter 3 Judicial Organization Establishing the U.S. Legal System Today's System of Federal Courts State Courts A New Judicial Federalism Selected References Readings: 3.1 Judiciary CAct of 1789, section 25 *3.2 Jonathan Matthew Lohen, Inside Appellate Courts 3.3 C.K. Rowland and Robert Carp, Politics and Judgement of the Federal District Courts 3.4 Charles E. Wyzanski, Jr., The Importance of the Trial Judge 3.5 J. Woodford Howard, Jr., Litigation Flow in Three United Stated Courts of Appeals 3.6 Victor Williams, Solutions to Federal Judicial Gridlock, and John O. Newman, 1,000 Judges--The Limit for an Effective Federal Judiciary 3.7 Robert A. Kagan, Bliss Cartwright, Lawrence M. Friedmna, and Stanton Wheeler, The Evolution of State Supreme Courts 3.8 William J. Brennan, Guardians of our Liberties--State Courts No Less Than Federal *3.9 Goodrich v. Department of Public Health Chapter 4 Judicial Selection and Retention Selection of Federal Judges Judicial Selection in the States Disciplining Judges Selected References Readings: 4.1 Sheldon Goldman, Ellieot Slotnick, Gerard Gryski, Gary Zuk, and Sara Schiavoni, The Composition of the Federal Judiciary 4.2 Sheldon Goldman, Picking Federal Judges *4.3 Neil Lewis, Partisanship and the Appointment of Federal Judges (With a Postscript on the George W. Bush Administration) 4.4 Jason M. Roberts, Parties, Presidents, and Procedures 4.5 Gregory A. Caldeira and John R. Wright, Lobbying for Justice *4.6 Jeffrey A. Segal, Richard J. Timpone, Robert M. Howard, Buyer Beware? Presidential Success Through Supreme Court Appointments 4.7 Thomas G. Walker and Deborah J. Barrow, The Diversification of the Federal Bench: Policy and Process Ramifications 4.8 Thurgood Marshall, Comments on the Missouri Plan 4.9 John T. Wold and John H. Culver, The Defeat of the California Justices Chapter 5 The Bar Becoming An Attorney The Lawyer's Work Challenges Confronting the Legal Profession Selected References Readings: 5.1 Scott Turow, One L: An Inside Account of Life in the First Year at Harvard Law School 5.2 Austin Sarat and William L.F. Felstiner, Law and Strategy in the Divorce Lawyer's Office 5.3 Abraham S. Blumberg, The Practice of Law as a Confidence Game 5.4 F. Lee Bailey, The Defense Never Rests 5.5 Sandra Day O'Connor, Professionalism, Part III Judicial Power Chapter 6 Access to Judicial Power Formal Barriers to Entry in the American Legal System Informal Barriers to Entry Accessing the Legal System: Who Uses the Courts? Selected References Readings: 6.1 The Washington Administration's Request for an Advisory Opinion and the Justice's Response 6.2 Roe v. Wade (1973) Versus DeFunis v. Odegaard (1974) 6.3 Baker v. Carr (1962) 6.4 Marc Galanter, Why the "Haves" Come Out Ahead: Speculations on the Limits of Social Change 6.5 Clement E. Vose, Litigation as a Form of PRessure Group Activity 6.6 Gregory A. Caldeira and John R. Wright, Organized Interests and Agenda Setting in the U.S. Supreme Court Chapter 7 Instruments of Judicial Power Writs of Certiorari Decisions, Opinions, and Orders The Injunction The Contempt Power The Writ of Habeas Corpus Selected References Readings: 7.1 Texas v. Hopwood (1996) 7.2 Madsen v. Women's Health Center, Inc. (1994) 7.3 Wyatt v. Stickney (1971) and Wyatt v. Stickney (1972) 7.4 Illinois v. Allen (1970) Chapter 8 Limitations on Judicial Power Internal Checks Institutional Checks Checks Imposed by the American System of Separated Institutions Checks From the States Checks From the People Selected References Readings: 8.1 Wbster v. Reproductive Health Services (1989) 8.2 Lee Epstein and Jack Knight, The Choices Justices Make 8.3 Jeffrey A. Segal, Donald R. Songer, and Charles M. Cameron, Decision Making on the U.S. Courts of Appeals 8.4 Andrew Jackson's Veto of the Bank Bill 8.5 Abraham Lincoln's First Inaugural Address, March 4, 1861 8.6 Franklin D. Roosevelt, Reorganizing the Federal Judiciary *8.7 George W. Bush's Statement on Same-Sex Marriages (2004) *8.8 Ex parte McCardle (1869) 8.9 James H. Kuklinksi and John E. Stanga, Political Participation and Government Responsiveness: The Behavior of California Superior Courts 8.10 James L. Gibson, Gregory A. Caldeira, and Vanessa Baird, On the Legitimacy of National High Courts Part IV Judicial Decision Making Chapter 9 Fact Finding in the Courts The Adversarial Process Juries Selected References Readings: 9.1 Marvin E. Frankel, The Adversary Judge: The Experience of the Trial Judge 9.2 Hans Zeisel and Harry Kalven, Jr., The American Experiment 9.3 Geoffrey Norman, Juror Furor 9.4 Darrow, How to Pick a Jury 9.5 Amitai Etzioni, Science: Threatening the Jury Trial 9.6 Michael Saks, The Limits of Scientific Jury Selection 9.7 Paul Butler, Black Jurors: Right to Acquit? 9.8 Tracey Gilstrap Weiss, The Great Democratizing Principle: The Effect on South Africa of Planning a Democracy Wihtout a Jury System 9.9 McCleskey v. Kemp (1987) 9.10 David C. Baldus, The Death Penalty Dialogue Between Law and Social Science 9.11 John C. Jeffries, Jr., Lewis F. Powell, Jr. Chapter 10 Precedents and Legal Reasoning Reasoning by Example Ration Decidendi Versus Dicta Treatment of Precedent Precedents and Decision Making Selected References Readings: 10.1 Edward H. Levi, An Introduction to Legal Reasoning 10.2 Lief H. Carter, Reason in Law 10.3 MacPherson v. Buick Motor Co. (1916) 10.4 Briefs Filed in U.S. Term Limits v. Thornton (1995) 10.5 Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v. Casey (1992) 10.6 Jeffrey A. Segal and Harold J. Spaeth, The Influence of Stare Decisis on the Votes of United States Supreme Court Justices, versus Jack Knight and Lee Epstein, The Norm of State Decisis 10.7 Lewis F. Powell, Jr., Stare Decisis and Judicial Restraint 10.8 Ronald Kahn, Institutional Norms and Supreme Court Decision Making: The Rehnquist Court on Privacy and Religion Chapter 11 Statutory Interpretation Plain Meaning and the Problem of Ambiguity Dealing with Ambiguity: Theories of Statutory Interpretation Practical Matters in Statutory Interpretation Statutory Law and Judicial Law Making Selected References Readings: 11.1 Felix Frankfurter, Some Reflections on the Reading of Statutes 11.2 Smith v. Unites States (1993) 11.3 United Steelworkers v. Weber (1979) 11.4 Richard A. Posner, The Federal Courts 11.5 Henry M. Hart, Jr., and Albert M. Sachs, The Legal Process 11.6 Conroy v. Aniskoff (1993) 11.7 Frank Easterbrook, Statutes' Domains 11.8 William N. Eskridge, Jr., Dynamic Statutory Interpretation Chapter 12 Constitutional Interpretation Constitutional Texts, Constitutions, and Constitutionalism What Is to be Interpreted Who Shall Interpret? How Should Judges Interpret the Constitution? Interpretive Style in the United States Modes of Interpretation Constitutional Interpretation as a Form of Statecraft Selected References Readings: 12.1 United States v. Nixon (1974) 12.2 Anotnin Scalia, Orginalism: The Lesser Eye 12.3 Robert H. Bork, The Tempting of America 12.4 Thurgood Marshall, Relfections on the Bicentennial of the United States Constitution 12.5 The State v. Makwanyane (1995) 12.6 United States v. Leon (1984) 12.7 Laurence H. Tribe v. Frank H. Easterbrook, Economic Reasoning and Constitutional Interpretation 12.8 William Rehnquist, The Notion of a Living Constitution 12.9 Ronald Dworkin, Taking Rights Seriously Chapter 13 The Processes of Judicial Decision Making Trial Courts Intermediate Appellate Courts State Supreme Courts The U.S. Supreme Court Selected References Readings: 13.1 Charles Nesson and Associates, Critical Issues in the Courtroom: Exploring a Hypothetical Case 13.2 James Eisentstein and Herbert Jacob, Felony Justice 13.3 Frank B. Cross and Emerson H. Tiller, Judicial Partisanship and Obediance to Legal Doctrine: Whistleblowing on the Federal Courts of Appeals 13.4 Melinda Gann Hall, Constituent Influence in State Supreme Courts 13.5 H.W. Perry, Deciding to Decide 13.6 David J. Danelski, The Influece of the Chief Justice in the Decisional Process 13.7 Paul J. Wahlbeck, James F. spriggs, and Forrest Maltzman, Marshalling the Court: Bargaining and Accomodation on the United States Supreme Court Chapter 14 The Impact of Judicial Decisions Compliance and Impact Anticipated Consequences Actual Consequences Explaining and Assessing Effects Selected References Readings: 14.1 Bradley C. Canon and Charles A. Johnson, Judicial Policies: Implementation and Impact 14.2 Elliot E. Slotnick and Jennifer A. Segal, Television News and the Supreme Court: All the News That's Fit to Air? 14.3 baker v. Carr (1962) 14.4 Louis Fisher, Legislative Vetoes, Phoneix Style 14.5 Gerald N. Rosenberg, The Hollow Hope: Can Courts Generate Social Change? 14.6 Michael McCann, Reform Litigation on Trial: Review of The Hollow Hope 14.7 Valeria J. Hoekstra, Public Reaction to Supreme Court Decisions * marks a new addition to this edition

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