Liberal beginnings : making a republic for the moderns


Liberal beginnings : making a republic for the moderns

Andreas Kalyvas, Ira Katznelson

Cambridge University Press, 2008

  • : hbk
  • : pbk

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 13



Includes bibliographical references and index



The book examines the origins and development of the modern liberal tradition and explores the relationship between republicanism and liberalism between 1750 and 1830. The authors consider the diverse settings of Scotland, the American colonies, the new United States, and France and examine the writings of six leading thinkers of this period: Adam Smith, Adam Ferguson, James Madison, Thomas Paine, Germaine de Stael, and Benjamin Constant. The book traces the process by which these thinkers transformed and advanced the republican project, both from within and by introducing new elements from without. Without compromising civic principles or abandoning republican language, they came to see that unrevised, the republican tradition could not grapple successfully with the political problems of their time. By investing new meanings, arguments, and justifications into existing republican ideas and political forms, these innovators fashioned a doctrine for a modern republic, the core of which was surprisingly liberal.


  • 1. Beginnings
  • 2. The rhetoric of the market: Adam Smith on recognition, speech, and exchange
  • 3. Adam Ferguson's agonistic liberalism: modern commercial society and the limits of classical republicanism
  • 4. After the king: Thomas Paine's and James Madison's institutional liberalism
  • 5. Embracing liberalism: Germaine de Stael's farewell to republicanism
  • 6. On the liberty of the moderns: Benjamin Constant and the discovery of an immanent liberalism
  • 7. After republicanism: a coda.

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