: Indiana : paper ISBN 9780253219978
In 1991, the leaders of the Somali National Movement and elders of the northern Somali clans proclaimed the new Republic of Somaliland. Since then, in contrast to the complete collapse of Somalia, Somaliland has successfully managed a process of reconciliation, demobilization, and restoration of law and order. They have held three successful democratic elections and the capital, Hargeysa, has become an active international trading center. Despite this display of good governance in Africa, Somaliland has yet to be recognized by the international community. International efforts have been directed toward the reunification of Somalia, which has failed, even after 14 peace conferences and international military intervention. Warlords continue to overrun and destabilize southern Somalia while Somaliland works to build peace, stability, and democracy. How long will it be before this African success story achieves the recognition it deserves?
Note on Somali Names
Glossary of Somali Words
Maps of Somaliland
1. The Somali People and Culture
2. The Rise and Fall of the State of Somalia
3. The Political Foundations of Somaliland
4. A New Somaliland
5. State Building and the Long Transition
6. Rising from the Ashes: Economic Rebuilding and Development
7. Social Developments
8. Democratic Traditions
9. The Practice of Government
10. Conclusions: Rethinking the Future
Appendix: Somali Clan Families
: J. Currey : paper ISBN 9781847013101
When does a country become a state? On 18 May 1991, the leaders of the Somali National Movement and the elders of northern Somali clans proclaimed that they were setting up the new Republic of Somaliland.
Why has Somaliland not followed Somalia into 'state collapse'? Over the past fifteen years the people of Somaliland have peacefully and successfully managed a process of reconciliation, demobilisation, the restoration of law and order, economic recovery and reconstruction.
Why has Somaliland yet to be recognised by the international community? The international system purports to promote 'good governance' in Africa. Somaliland has had one of the most free series of elections in the region. Yet this new republic still has no international legal status, while Somalia, which has had no effective government since 1990, is still accorded de jure sovereignty.
Should a unitary government be re-established for all of Somalia? Since the collapse of the Somali state international diplomacy has supported fourteen peace conferences, each focusing on re-establishing Somalia as a whole. Yet it is Somaliland which challenges the typical image of war, disaster and social regression associated with this part of Africa since the 1990s.
MARK BRADBURY is a development consultant who has worked extensively in North East Africa
Published in association with Progressio; North America: Indiana U Press; South Africa: Jacana; Uganda: Fountain Publishers
- The Somali people & culture
- The rise & fall of the state of Somalia
- The political foundations of Somaliland
- A new Somaliland
- State building & the long transition
- Rising from the ashes: economic rebuilding & development
- Social developments
- Democratic transitions
- The practice of government
- Conclusions: rethinking the future
- Appendix 1: Primary Isaaq lineages
- Appendix 2: Somali clan-families
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