Trade preference erosion : measurement and policy response


Trade preference erosion : measurement and policy response

edited by Bernard Hoekman, Will Martin, and Carlos A. Primo Braga

Palgrave Macmillan , World Bank, c2009

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 4



Includes bibliographical references and index

"Most... chapters were originally presented at the international symposium, "Preference erosion: impacts and policy responses," in Geneva, June 13-14, 2005... organized by the World Bank in cooperation with the OECD and the WTO"--P. xi



The multilateral trade system rests on the principle of nondiscrimination. Unilateral trade preferences granted by developed countries can help beneficiary countries but can create tensions between 'preferred' developing countries--typically beneficiaries from pre-existing colonial regimes--and other developing countries. There is also concern about the potential erosion of these preferences through trade liberalization in the importing countries, an issue that has been important in the current negotiations under the Doha Development Agenda of the World Trade Organization. 'Trade Preference Erosion' provides the information needed to make informed assessments of the benefits of trade preferences for developing countries, the risks associated with the erosion of these benefits, and policy options for dealing with these problems. The authors provide detailed analyses of specific preference programs and undertake cross-country, disaggregated analyses of the impact of preferences at the product level. Understanding the likely impacts of these programs and how those impacts are distributed is a precondition for formulating appropriate policy responses. The authors argue that such responses need to go beyond trade policies and need to include a focus on enhancing the competitiveness and supply-side capacity of developing countries. This book is a useful and informative guide for policy makers, non-governmental organizations, and others who wish to better understand the debate on the magnitude and impact of preference erosion.


  • Quantifying the Value of Preferences and Potential Erosion Losses
  • B.Hoekman, W.Martin & C.Primo Braga Quantifying the Value of US Tariff Preferences for Developing Countries
  • J.Dean & J.Wainio What are EU Trade Preferences Worth for Sub-Saharan Africa and Other Developing Countries?
  • F.Candau & S.Jean Japan's Generalized System of Preferences: An Oriental Pandora's Box
  • N. Komuro The Canadian Preferential Tariff Regime and Potential Economic Impacts of its Erosion
  • P.Kowalski The Australian Preferential Tariff Regime
  • D.Lippoldt Multilateral Solutions to the Erosion of Non-Reciprocal Preferences in NAMA
  • P.Low, R.Piermartini & J.Richtering Non-Reciprocal Preference Erosion Arising from MFN Liberalization in Agriculture: What are the Risks?
  • P.Low, R.Piermartini & J.Richtering The Doha Development Agenda and Preference Erosion: Modeling the Impacts
  • D.van der Mensbrugghe Trade Preferences for Apparel and the Role of Rules of Origin: The Case of Africa
  • P.Brenton & Aa.A-zden Economic Policy Responses to Preference Erosion: from Trade as Aid to Aid for Trade
  • B.Hoekman & S.Prowse

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