Carlota S. Smith was a key figure in linguistic research and a pioneering woman in generative linguistics. This selection of papers focuses on the research into tense, aspect, and discourse that Smith completed while Professor of Linguistics at the University of Texas at Austin.
Smith's early work in English syntax is still cited today, and her early career also yielded key research on language acquisition by young children. Starting in the mid-1970s, after her move to UT, she embarked on her most important line of research. In numerous papers - the first of which was published in 1975 - and in a very important 1991 book (The Parameter of Aspect), Smith analyzed how languages encode time and how they encode the ways events and situations occur over time.
Smith's work on the expression of time in language is notable because of its careful analyses of a number of quite different languages, including not only English and French, but also Russian, Mandarin, and Navajo. Inspired by a year in France in the early 1970s, Smith began to analyze the differing ways in which languages encode time and how they encode the ways events and situations occur over time. In doing so, she developed her signature 'two-component' theory of aspect. This model of temporal aspect provided an excellent framework for graduate students seeking to analyze the temporal systems of an array of languages, including under-described languages that are so much the focus of research in UT's Linguistics Department.
Selected by Carlota Smith herself and by her longtime friends and colleagues, this book contains her 1980 piece on temporal structures in discourse, her 1986 comparison of the English and French aspectual systems, a 1996 paper on the aspect system in Navajo (an increasingly-endangered language which Smith worked to preserve), and her 1980 and 1993 papers on the child's acquisition of tense and aspect.
Smith, who died in 2007, was a trailblazer in her field whose broad interests fed into her scholarly research. She was an avid reader who sought to bring the analytic tools of linguistics to the humanistic study of literature, by examining the syntactic and pragmatic principles which underlie literary effects. Her research on rhetorical and temporal effects in context was integrated into her last book, Modes of Discourse (2003).
The current volume of articles covers much of her most fruitful work on the way in which language is used to express time, and will be essential reading for many working and studying in linguistics generally and in semantics particularly.
Acknowledgments. Preface. An Interview with Carlota Smith. List of Carlota Smith's Publications. I. Aspect. Introduction, Manfred Krifka. 1. A Speaker-Based Approach to Aspect. 2. Aspectual Categories in Navajo. 3. Activities: States or Events? II. Tense. Introduction, Jacqueline Gueron. 4. The Syntax and Interpretation of Temporal Expressions in English. 5. The Temporal Reference of the English Futurate Construction. 6. The Domain of Tense. 7. Tense and Context in French. III. Acquisition of Tense. Introduction, Richard P. Meier. 8. The Acquisition of TimeTalk: Relations Between Child and Adult Grammars. 9. The Acquisition of Tense: Bootstrapping into Syntax. IV. Discourse structure/Discourse modes. Introduction, Barbara H. Partee. 10. Sentences in Discourse: an Analysis of an Essay by Bertrand Russell. 11. The Vagueness of Sentences in Isolation. 12. Temporal Structures in Discourse. 13. Temporal Interpretation in Mandarin Chinese, by Carlota S. Smith and Mary Erbaugh. V. Context and Interpretation. Introduction, Helen Aristar-Dry. 14. Some Significant Omission: Ellipsis in Flaubert's 'Un Coeur Simple.' by Jeanne T. Whitaker and Carlota S. Smith. 15. Accounting for Subjectivity.
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