Optics of liquid crystal displays


Optics of liquid crystal displays

Pochi Yeh, Claire Gu

Wiley, c2010

2nd ed

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 8



Includes index



The field of optics of liquid crystal displays has evolved vigorously during the last decade. Updated to reflect the recent advances in the field, the second edition of this highly practical guide to analyzing liquid crystal displays now offers a broader and more comprehensive discussion on the fundamentals of the field. Introducing the basic principles in a systematic, self-contained treatment with minimal reliance on outside sources, Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays, Second Edition is a valuable resource for students, engineers, and scientists.


Preface. Preface to the First Edition. Chapter 1. Preliminaries. 1.1. Basic Components of LCDs. 1.2 Properties of Liquid Crystals. Chapter 2. Polarization of Optical Waves. 2.1. Monochromatic Plane Waves and Their Polarization States. 2.2. Complex Number Representation. 2.3. Jones Vector Representation. 2.4. Partially Polarized and Unpolarized Light. 2.5. Poincare Sphere. Chapter 3. Electromagnetic Propagation in Anisotropic Media. 3.1. Maxwell Equations and Dielectric Tensor. 3.2. Plane Waves in Homogeneous Media and Normal Surface. 3.3. Light Propagation in Uniaxial Media. 3.4. Double Refraction at a Boundary. 3.5. Anisotropic Absorption and Polarizers. 3.6. Optical Activity and Faraday Rotation. 3.7. Light Propagation in Biaxial Media. Chapter 4. Jones Matrix Method. 4.1. Jones Matrix Formulation. 4.2. Intensity Transmission Spectrum. 4.3. Optical Properties of TN-LC (Adiabatic Following or Waveguiding). 4.4. Phase Retardation at Oblique Incidence. 4.5. Conoscopy. 4.6. Reflection Property of a General TN-LCD with a Back Mirror. 4.7. Phase Retardation of a Biaxial Plate. 4.8. Achromatic Wave Plates. 4.9. Broadband Quasi-Circular Polarizers. 4.10. Wide Field-of-View Elements. Chapter 5. Liquid Crystal Displays. 5.1. VA-LCDs. 5.2. IPS-LCDs. 5.3 TN-LCDs. 5.4. STN Displays. 5.5. Nematic Liquid Crystal Display (N-LCD) Modes. 5.6. Polymer-Dispersed Liquid Crystal Displays (PD-LCDs). 5.7. Reflective LCDs. 5.8. Transflective LCDs. 5.9. Projection Displays. 5.10. Other Display Systems. 5.11. Summary. Chapter 6. Matrix Addressing, Colors, and Properties of LCDs. 6.1. Multiplexed Displays. 6.2. Active Matrix (AM) Displays. 6.3. Optical Throughput of TFT-LCDs. 6.4. Colors in LCDs. Chapter 7. Optical Properties of Cholesteric Liquid Crystals. 7.1. Optical Phenomena in CLCs. 7.2. Dielectric Tensor of an Ideal CLC. 7.3. Exact Solutions at Normal Incidence. 7.4. Bragg Regime ( n o p < lambda < n e p )-Coupled-Mode Analysis. 7.5. Mauguin Regime (lambda << 0.5 pDELTA n ). 7.6. Circular Regime. Chapter 8. Extended Jones Matrix Method. 8.1. Mathematical Formulation and Applications. 8.2. Another Extended Jones Matrix Method. 8.3. 4 x 4 Matrix Method. 8.4. General Properties of A 4 x 4 Matrix. 8.5. Mueller Matrix Algebra and Jones Matrix Algebra. 8.6. Reciprocity Theorem in Anisotropic Layered Media. Chapter 9. Optical Compensators for Liquid Crystal Displays. 9.1. Viewing Angle Characteristics of LCDs. 9.2. Origin of Leakage of Light in LCDs and Compensators. 9.3. LCDs with Compensators. 9.4. Compensation Film with Positive Birefringence (O-Plate). 9.5. Biaxial Compensation Film. 9.6. Materials for Optical Phase Retardation Compensation. Appendix A. Elastic and Electromagnetic Energy Density. Appendix B. Electro-Optical Distortion-Tilt Mode. Appendix C. Electro-Optical Distortion-Twist Mode. Appendix D. Electro-Optical Distortion in a TN-LC. Appendix E. Electro-Optical Distortion in an STN-LC. Appendix F. Form Birefringence of Composite Media. Appendix G. Spherical Trigonometry. Appendix H. Mie Scattering and Diffusers. Appendix I. Variational Principles and Lagrange's Equations. Author Index. Subject Index.

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