Designed for undergraduate criminology courses, this book actively involves students in the literature of the discipline, presents the field in a format that is accessible, understandable, and enjoyable, and is edited by well-known scholars who are experienced researchers and teachers. The readings in this anthology have been very carefully edited and pruned by the Editors so that undergraduate students can easily read them without getting bogged down or confused and lost in the technical, methodological details.
Foreword - Ross L. MatsuedaForeword - Marvin E. WolfgangPreface - the EditorsIntroduction: On Crime, Criminals, and Criminologists - James F. Short, Jr.Part I: What Is Criminology? The History and Definitions of Crime and CriminologyDefining Crime: An Issue of Morality - John HaganHistorical Explanations of Crime: From Demons to Politics - C. Ronald HuffPart II: How Do We View Crime? Images of Crime, Criminality, and Criminal JusticeA Youth Violence Epidemic: Myth or Reality? - Franklin E. ZimringRealities and Images of Crack Mothers - Drew HumphriesBreaking News: How Local TV News and Real-World Conditions Affect Fear of Crime - Ronald Weitzer and CHaris E. KubrinThe Politics of Crime - Katherine Beckett and Theodore SassonPart III: Enduring and Changing Patterns of CrimeYouth Gangs and Troublesome Youth Groups in the United States and the Netherlands: A Cross-National Comparison - Finn-Aage Esbensen and Frank M. WeermanSpecialization and Persistence in the Arrest Histories of Sex Offenders: A Comparitive Analysis of Alternative Measures and Offense Types - Terance D. Miethe, Jodi Olson, and Ojmarrh MitchellThe Novelty of 'Cybercrime': An Assessment in Light of Routine Activity Theory - Majid YarHow Does Studying Terrorism Compare to Studying Crime? - Gary LaFree and Laura DuganPart IV: How is Crime Measured? The Observation and Measurement of CrimeLocating the Vanguard in Rising and Falling Homicide Rates across U.S. Cities - Steven F. Messner, Glenn D. Deane, Luc Anselin, and Benjamin Parson NelsonReconciling Race and Class Differences in Self-Reported and Official Estimates of Delinquency - Delbert S. Elliot and Suzanne S. AgetonGender and Adolescent Relationship Violence: A Contextual Examination - Jody Miller and Norman A. WhiteThe Criminology of Genocide: The Death and Rape of Darfur - John Hagan, Wenona Rymond-Richmond, and Patricia ParkerPart V: Who Are the Criminals? The Distribution and Correlates of CrimeNeighborhood Disadvantage and the Nature of Violence - Eric Baumer, Julie Horney, Richard Felson, and Janet L. LauritsenExplaining Racial and Ethnic Differences in Adolescent Violence: Structural Disadvantage, Family Well-Being, and Social Capital - Thomas McNulty and Paul E. BellairAge and the Explanation of Crime - Travis Hirschi and Michael GottfredsonJuvenile Delinquency and Gender - Josine Junger-Tas, Denis Ribeaud, and Maarten J. L. F. CruyffPart VI: How Do We Explain Crime? Foundational Theories of Modern Criminology, Part IJuvenile Delinquency and Urban Areas - Clifford R. Shaw and Henry McKayNeighborhood Inequality, Collective Efficacy, and the Spatial Dynamics of Urban Violence - Jeffrey D. Morenoff, Robert J. Sampson, and Stephen W. RaudenbushA Theory of Crime: Differential Association - Edwin SutherlandDifferential Association in Group and Solo Offending - Andy Hochstetler, Heith Copes, and Matt DeLisiSocial Structure and Anomie - Robert K. MertonPoverty, Socioeconomic Change, Institutional Anomie, and Homicide - Sang-Weon Kim and William Alex PridemorePart VII: How Do We Explain Crime? Foundational Theories of Modern Criminology, Part IIThe Subculture of Violence - Marvin E. Wolfgang and Franco FerracutiExposure to Community Violence and Childhood Delinquency - Justin W. Patchin, Beth M. Huebner, John D. McCluskey, Sean P. Varano, and Timothy S. BynumCauses and Prevention of Juvenile Delinquency - Travis HirschiExploring the Utility of Social Control Theory for Youth Development: Issues of Attachment, Involvement, and Gender - Angela Huebner and Sherry BettsLabeling Criminals - Edwin SchurOfficial Labeling, Criminal Embeddedness, and Subsequent Delinquency: A Longitudinal Test of Labeling Theory - Jon Gunnar Bernburg, Marvin D. Krohn, and Craig J. RiveraCrime and Subcultural Contradictions - William J. ChamblissVigilantism, Current Racial Threat, and Death Sentences - David Jacobs, Jason T. Carmichael, and Stephanie L. KentPart VIII: How Do We Explain Crime? Contemporary Theories and Research, Part IThe Nature of Criminality: Low Self-Control - Michael Gottfredson and Travis HirschiThe Stability and Resiliency of Self-Control in a Sample of Incarcerated Offenders - Ojmarrh Mitchell and Doris Layton MackenzieToward an Age-Graded Theory of Informal Social Control - Robert J. Sampson and John H. LaubDoes Marriage Reduce Crime? A Counterfactual Approach to Within-Individual Causal Effects - Robert J. Sampson, John H. Laub, and Cristopher WimerSocial Change and Crime Rate Trends: A Routine Activity Approach - Lawrence E. Cohen and Marcus FelsonTraveling to Violence: The Case for a Mobility-Based Spatial Typology of Homicide - George Tita and Elizabeth GriffithsFoundation for a General Strain Theory of Crime and Delinquency - Robert AgnewA Test of General Strain Theory - Lisa M. BroidyPart IX: How Do We Explain Crime? Contemporary Theories and Research, Part IIThe Code of the Streets - Elijah AndersonStructure and Culture in African-American Adolescent Violence: A Partial Test of the Code of the Street Thesis - Eric A. Stewart and Ronald L. SimonsBeyond White Man's Justice: Race, Gender and Justice in Late Modernity - Barbara HudsonAn Argument for Black Feminist Criminology: Understanding African-American Women's Experiences With Intimate Partner Abuse Using an Integrated Approach - Hillary PotterA Bio-Psychological Theory of Choice, from Crime and Human Nature - James Q. Wilson and Richard HernsteinHuman Ecology, Crime, and Crime Control: Linking Individual Behavior and Aggregate Crime - Joanne Savage and Bryan VilaMales on the Life-Course-Persistent and Adolescence-Limited Antisocial Pathways - Terrie E. Moffitt, Avshalom Caspi, Honalee Harrington, and Barry J. MilneThe Relationships Among Self-Blame, Psychological Distress, and Sexual Victimization - Kimberly Hanson BreitenbecherPart X: How Do We Control Crime? Crime and Social ControlStrengthening Institutions and Rethinking the American Dream - Steven F. Messner and Richard RosenfeldBroken Windows: The Police and Neighborhood Safety - James Q. Wilson and George L. KellingThe Changing Nature of the Death Penalty Debates - Michael L. Radelet and Marian J. BorgAbolish the Juvenile Court: Youthfulness, Criminal Responsibility, and Sentencing Policy - Barry C. FeldThe Impact of Restorative Interventions on Juvenile Offenders - Mara F. SchiffBeyond Crime and Punishment: Prisons and Inequality - Bruce Western and Becky Pettit
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