Twilight of impunity : the war crimes trial of Slobodan Milosevic


Twilight of impunity : the war crimes trial of Slobodan Milosevic

Judith Armatta

Duke University Press, 2010


War crimes trial of Slobodan Milosevic

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Bibliography: p. [517]-522

Includes index



An eyewitness account of the first major international war-crimes tribunal since the Nuremberg trials, Twilight of Impunity is a gripping guide to the prosecution of Slobodan Milosevic for war crimes, crimes against humanity, and genocide. The historic trial of the "Butcher of the Balkans" began in 2002 and ended abruptly with Milosevic's death in 2006. Judith Armatta, a lawyer who spent three years in the former Yugoslavia during Milosevic's reign, had a front-row seat at the trial. In Twilight of Impunity she brings the dramatic proceedings to life, explains complex legal issues, and assesses the trial's implications for victims of the conflicts in the Balkans during the 1990s and international justice more broadly. Armatta acknowledges the trial's flaws, particularly Milosevic's grandstanding and attacks on the institutional legitimacy of the International Criminal Tribunal. Yet she argues that the trial provided an indispensable legal and historical narrative of events in the former Yugoslavia and a valuable forum where victims could tell their stories and seek justice. It addressed crucial legal issues, such as the responsibility of commanders for crimes committed by subordinates, and helped to create a framework for conceptualizing and organizing other large-scale international criminal tribunals. The prosecution of Slobodan Milosevic in The Hague was an important step toward ending impunity for leaders who perpetrate egregious crimes against humanity.


Preface: A Personal Note ix Acknowledgments xiii Note on Usage and Conventions xvii Abbreviations xxi Cast of Characters xxv Introduction 1 1. Opening Statements 10 2. Milosevic Was Warned 25 3. The Lead-up to War 46 4. War in Kosova 75 5. Massacre and Cover-up 95 6. Milosevic's Rise to Power 117 7. The Exercise of (De Facto) Power 148 8. War and Attempts at Peace 182 9. War Comes to Bosnia 212 10. Concentration Camps and Safe Areas 240 11. Genocide 284 12. Immigration 322 13. The World According to Milosevic 345 14. Constructing Reality: Milosevic's Loyal Officers 370 15. Croatia and Bosnia: A Case of Self-Defense? 393 16. Conclusions and Recommendations 430 Afterword 449 Appendix I. Law of the Tribunal 451 Appendix II. List of Defense Witnesses 457 Appendix III. Chronology 459 Notes 471 Bibliography 517 Index 523

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