Combustion and incineration processes : applications in environmental engineering


Combustion and incineration processes : applications in environmental engineering

Walter R. Niessen

CRC Press/Taylor & Francis, c2010

4th ed

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 2



Bibliography: p. 719-744

Includes index

Includes 1 CD-ROM (4 3/4 in.)



In our "throwaway" society, with landfills filled to capacity, interest in incineration- and conversion-based waste management technologies continues to grow. Increasing net waste generation rates within U.S. metropolitan centers, skyrocketing transportation costs for waste hauling, and the enticement of increased electrical revenues from "green" power sources all amplify the need for better technologies. Written by an internationally renowned expert with fifty years of experience, Combustion and Incineration Processes: Applications in Environmental Engineering, Fourth Edition has been updated to reflect the latest advances in the field, keeping pace with the evolution of complex and interdisciplinary technology that can better the environment. Detailing the changes that have occurred since the previous editions appeared, this volume's expanded scope includes additional details, data, and graphics regarding the design and operational characteristics of municipal and industrial waste incineration and conversion systems and numerous refinements in associated pollution control. The book offers a thorough overview of: * Design, operation, and evaluation of incineration and conversion (gasification) systems for hazardous and non-hazardous gaseous, liquid, biosolid, and solid wastes * The waste management facility, from contaminant receipt, materials handling, and storage to stack discharge and dispersion * Breakthroughs in air pollution control * Waste and residue characteristics * Advances in materials handling, waste processing, refractory and materials engineering, combustion technology, and energy recovery to reduce and control toxins and pollutants in the environment Achievement of true Zero Waste, or the eradication of landfills, will likely require thermal processing to economically extract the ultimate useful value from waste residue after minimization, reuse, and recycling. The latest technical advances continue to evolve and attract increased attention, and this book provides the requisite technical education and guidance to those responsible for selection and procurement of these new systems.


Introduction Stoichiometry Units and Fundamental Relationships Systems Analysis Material Balances Energy Balances Equilibrium Combustion Kinetics Selected Topics on Combustion Processes Gaseous Combustion Liquid Combustion Solid Combustion Waste Characterization General Solid Waste Biological Wastewater Sludge Combustion System Enclosures & Heat Recovery Enclosures Water Cooled Enclosures and Heat Recovery Systems Heat Transfer Slagging and Fouling Fluid Flow Consideration in Incinerator Applications Driven Flow Induced Flow Mixing and Residence Time Materials Preparation & Handling Solid Wastes Other Specialized Handling Operations Biosolids Handling Incineration Systems for Municipal Solid Wastes Performance Objectives Site Design Considerations Collection and Delivery of Refuse Refuse Handling and Storage Size Control and Salvage Incinerator Feed Systems Grates and Hearths Incinerator Furnace Enclosures Energy Recovery and Energy Markets Combustion Air Ash Removal and Handling Flue Gas Conditioning Environmental Pollution Control Induced Draft Fan Incinerator Stacks Refuse Derived Fuel Systems Instrumentation and Control Operations Other Incineration Systems Incineration Systems for Sludge Wastes Multiple Hearth Furnace (MHF) Systems Fluid Bed Slagging Combustion Systems for Biological Sludge Incineration Systems for Liquid and Gaseous Wastes Liquid Waste Incinerators Incinerators for Gases (Afterburners) Operations and Safety Incineration Systems for Hazardous Wastes General Rotary Kiln Systems Circulating Fluid Bed Thermal Desorption Plasma Technology Conversion Technology for Solid Wastes Introduction Gasification Technology Processes Conversion Technology Product Streams Conversion Technology Examples Air Pollution Aspects of Incineration Processes Air Pollutants from Combustion Processes Air Toxics Air Pollution Control for Incineration Systems Equipment Options for Incinerator Air Pollution Control Control Strategies for Incinerator Air Pollution Control Approaches to Incinerator Selection and Design General System Selection for Developing Technologies

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