Medicine and space : body, surroundings and borders in antiquity and the Middle Ages


    • Baker, Patricia A.
    • Nijdam, Han
    • Land, Karine van 't


Medicine and space : body, surroundings and borders in antiquity and the Middle Ages

edited by Patricia A. Baker, Han Nijdam, Karine van 't Land

(Visualising the Middle Ages, v. 4)

Brill, 2012

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Includes bibliographical references and index



This volume contributes to medical history in Antiquity and the Middle Ages by significantly widening our understandings of health and treatment through the theme of space . The fundamental question about how space was conceived by different groups of people in these periods has been used to demonstrate the multi-variant understandings of the body and its functions, illness and treatment, and the surrounding natural and built environments in relation to health. The subject is approached from a variety of source materials: medical, philosophical and religious literature, archaeological remains and artistic reproductions. By taking a multi-disciplinary approach to the subject the volume offers new interpretations and methodologies to medical history in the periods in question. Contributors are Helen King, Michael McVaugh, Maithe Hulskamp, Glenda McDonald, Roberto Lo Presti, Fabiola van Dam, Catrien Santing, Ralph Rosen, and Irina Metzler.


Preface ... vii Acknowledgements ... ix List of Illustrations ... xi List of Contributors ... xix Figures and Plates ... following xx Introduction: Conceptualizing Body, Space and Borders ... 1 Patricia Baker and Han Nijdam PART ONE: SPACES OF ANATOMY Fistulas, the Knee, and the 'Three-dimensional' Body Michael McVaugh ... 23 Inside and Outside, Cavities and Containers: the Organs of Generation in Seventeenth-century English Medicine Helen King ... 37 PART TWO: THE BODY AND SPACE The 'locus afffectus' in Ancient Medical Theories of Disease Glenda Camille McDonald ... 63 Internal, Yet Extrinsic: Conceptions of Bodily Space and their Relation to Causality in Late Medieval University Medicine Karine van 't Land ... 85 Permeable Boundaries: Bodies, Bathing and Fluxes: 1135-1333 Fabiola I.W.M. van Dam ... 117 PART THREE: SURROUNDINGS Space and the Body: Uses of Astronomy in Hippocratic Medicine Maithe A.A. Hulskamp ... 149 Shaping the Diffference: The Medical Inquiry into the Nature of Places and the Early Birth of Anthropology in the Hippocratic Treatise Airs Waters Places Roberto Lo Presti ... 169 Death and the City: The Human Corpse as an Embodiment of Public Wellbeing in Counter-Reformation Rome Catrien Santing ... 197 PART FOUR: HOSPITALS AND ARCHITECTURE Spaces of Sickness in Greco-Roman Medicine Ralph M. Rosen ... 227 Medieval Islamic Hospitals: Structural Design and Social Perceptions Patricia Baker ... 245 Liminality and Disability: Spatial and Conceptual Aspects of Physical Impairment in Medieval Europe Irina Metzler ... 273 Bibliography ... 297 Index ... 309

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