Why peace fails : the causes and prevention of civil war recurrence


    • Call, Charles


Why peace fails : the causes and prevention of civil war recurrence

Charles T. Call

Georgetown University Press, c2012

  • : pbk

大学図書館所蔵 件 / 6



Includes bibliographical references and index



Why does peace fail? More precisely, why do some countries that show every sign of having successfully emerged from civil war fall once again into armed conflict? What explains why peace "sticks" after some wars but not others? In this illuminating study, Charles T. Call examines the factors behind fifteen cases of civil war recurrence in Africa, Asia, the Caucasus, and Latin America. He argues that widely touted explanations of civil war - such as poverty, conflict over natural resources, and weak states - are far less important than political exclusion. Call's study shows that inclusion of former opponents in postwar governance plays a decisive role in sustained peace. "Why Peace Fails" ultimately suggests that the international community should resist the temptation to prematurely withdraw resources and peacekeepers after a transition from war. Instead, international actors must remain fully engaged with postwar elected governments, ensuring that they make room for former enemies.


Introduction: The Tragedy of Civil War RecurrenceThe Importance of This BookThe Central ArgumentContributions to TheoryResearch Design and MethodologyOrganization of the BookNotes Part I: Why Peace Fails: Theory1. What Do We Know about Why Peace Fails?What We Know about Civil Wars and Ethnic ConflictFour Approaches to PeacebuildingClarifying Concepts: Exclusion, Inclusion, and LegitimacyConclusionNotes 2. Is Civil War Recurrence Distinct from Its Onset?: A Quantitative Analysis and the Limits ThereofA Regression Analysis of Civil War RecurrenceThe Contributions and Limitations of Quantitative Methods for Studying Civil WarsConclusionNotes Part II: Examining the Cases3. Liberia: Exclusion and Civil War Recurrence The First Civil WarThe Onset of PeaceThe Second Civil War: A Brief SummaryCharles Taylor's Exclusionary BehaviorAlternative ExplanationsInsights from Liberia's Second Postwar Peace ProcessConclusionNotes 4. Separatist Recurrences of Civil WarSudan: The Marginalization of the SouthChechnya: Reneging and ResistanceGeorgia and South Ossetia: Integration BackfiresChina and Tibet: Compelled from AutonomyAnalyzing Cases of Reneging on Territorial AutonomyNotes 5. Nonseparatist Recurrences of Civil WarPrecipitating Exclusionary BehaviorThe Central African Republic: Exclusion and State WeaknessHaiti: Political Exclusion and RecurrenceEast Timor: Liberation, Statehood, and ExclusionZimbabwe: Liberation, Statehood, and ExclusionBurundi and Rwanda: Chronic Exclusionary BehaviorAlternative Explanations and ConclusionsNotes 6. Recurrences That Defy the ArgumentLebanon: Failed PowersharingMali: Failed PowersharingNicaragua: Externally Driven Recurrence Peru: Exclusion, Coca, and Rebel ResurgenceConclusionNotes 7. Making Peace Stick: Inclusionary Politics and Twenty-Seven Nonrecurrent Civil WarsInclusion, Powersharing, and Peacebuilding SuccessPowersharing and Peace Consolidation: Examining the Pool of CasesBeyond Powersharing: Inclusionary Behavior and PeacePeace and Exclusionary Behavior?International Troops and 'Frozen' ConflictsNotes Part III: Implications for Theory and Practice8. Conclusions for Theory: Legitimacy-Focused PeacebuildingThe Main Findings of the BookRethinking the Aims and Approaches of PeacebuildingAddressing LimitationsNotes 9. Conclusions for Policy and Practice: Can External Actors Build Legitimacy after War?Why Legitimacy-Building Is Exceptionally DifficultBeyond Blanket Inclusionary Formulas: Four 'Moments' for Key Choices and External StrategyConclusionNotes ReferencesIndex

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